English Quiz for IBPS Clerk Mains 2015 – Set 2

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Directions (Q. 1-10): In the following passage, there are blanks each
of which has been numbered. For each blank five words have been suggested, one
of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each
WHO estimates that, within the next few years, non-communicable
diseases will become the principal global _____(1) of morbidity and mortality.
The role of diet in the diagnosis of most non-communicable diseases is well _____(2).
The shift towards highly refined foods and towards meat and dairy products
containing high levels of saturated fats, now increasingly _____(3) in
middle-income and lower- income countries, have, together with reduced energy _____(4),
contributed to rises in the _____(5) of obesity and non-communicable diseases.
Because of the global extent of the epidemic, the advantages of promoting
healthy diets and preventing over nutrition should be explored. The prohibitive
costs of treating the consequences of over-nutrition require that increased
attention be given to preventive measures. Parallels exist between these
requirements and the initiatives taken to control tobacco consumption, from
which important _____(6) can be learnt, especially with respect to the use of
international legal instruments. However, because some of the largest
multinational companies are heavily involved in the creation and marketing of
unhealthy foods, the control of these activities presents a _____(7) challenge.
There is a growing _____(8) that prevention demands public health actions at
both the national and global levels, ranging from more health education to
improved food labeling and controls on the marketing of certain foods and soft
drinks. This will require innovative and committed _____(9) by all _____(10).
1. 1) session 2) effect 3) result 4) causes 5) trouble
2. 1) document 2) established 3) aware 4) timed 5)
3. 1) appeared 2) presenting 3) evident 4) prevalence 5)
4. 1) cost 2) expenditure 3) intake 4) savings 5) expansion
5. 1) incidence 2) happening 3) commonality 4) occasion 5)
6. 1) tutorials 2) lessons 3) practice 4) point 5) habits
7. 1) formidable 2) pretentious 3) alarming 4) enormous 5)
8. 1) need 2) demand 3) association 4) credit 5) recognition
9. 1) amalgamation 2) joining 3) knowledge 4) collaboration
5) information
10. 1) party 2) population 3) politicians 4) segmentations
5) concerned


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