English Quiz for LIC AAO 2016 – Set 4

Hello and welcome to ExamPundit. Here is a set of English Quiz for LIC AAO 2016.

Directions (Q. 1–10):
Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
It is an old saying that
knowledge is power. Education is an instrument which imparts knowledge and,
therefore, indirectly controls power. Therefore, ever since the dawn of
civilization persons in power have always tried to supervise or control
education. It has been the hand-maid of the ruling class. During the Christian
era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused
among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings. These gospels
and teachings were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the
existing society. It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with
the sweat of his brow, while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and
fought duels for the slightest offence. During the Renaissance, education
passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hand of the prince. In
other words it became more secular. It was also due to the growth of the
nation-state and powerful monarchs who united the country under their rule.
Thus, under the control of the monarch, education began to devise and preach the
infallibility of its masters, the monarch or king. It also invented and
supported fantastic theories like the Divine Right Theory and that the king can
do no wrong etc. With the advent of the industrial revolution education took a
different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the
privilege of the baron class but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class
of society. Yet education was still confined to the few elite. The philosophy
which was in vogue during this period was that of ‘Laissez Faire’ restricting
the function of the State to a mere keeping of law and order while, on the
other hand, in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free
competition and the survival of the fittest.
1. Who controlled
education during the era after the industrial revolution?
1) The baron class
2) The priests
3) The prince
4) The monarch
5) None of these
2. What does the
theory of Divine Right of king stipulate?
1) That kings are gods.
2) They have the right to be worshipped like gods by their
3) That the right of governing is conferred upon kings by
4) That the rights of kings are divine and therefore sacred.
5) None of these
3. What does the
expression ‘hand-maid of the ruling class’ mean?
1) Private mistress of the prince
2) Something fully under the control of the ruling class
3) Private maid-servants of the prince
4) The symbol of authority of the prince
5) None of these
4. Who controlled
education during the Renaissance?
1) The common people
2) The prince
3) The church and the priests
4) The secular leaders of the society
5) None of these
5. What does the word
“infallibility” mean?
1) That every man is open to error
2) That some divine power is responsible for determining the
fate of men
3) The virtue of not making any mistake
4) Sensitivity
5) None of these
6. What did the
ruling class in the Christian era think of the poor man?
1) That he is the beloved of god
2) That he deserves all sympathy of the rich
3) That he should be strong
4) That he is meant for serving the rich
5) None of these
7. Who controlled the
institution of education during the Christian era?
1) The church and the priests
2) The monarchs
3) The secular leaders of society
4) The common people
5) None of these
8. What do you mean
by the ‘sweat of his brow’?
1) Very hard work
2) The tiny droplets of sweat on the forehead
3) The wrinkles visible on the face
4) The sign of innocence
5) None of these
9. Why have persons
in power always tried to supervise or control education?
1) Because they wanted to educate the whole public.
2) Because they wanted to deprive the common man of the
benefits of education.
3) Because it involved a huge expenditure on the state exchequer.
4) Because it is an instrument of knowledge and therefore power.
5) None of these
10. What does the
philosophy of Laissez-Faire stand for?
1) Joint control of the means of production by the state and
private enterprise
2) Individual freedom in the economic field
3) State control of the means of production
4) Full development of the individual’s personality
5) None of these

  1. Chitrarth Nirmal – 10/10
  2. Optimus Prime – 9/10 / Ruchi – 10/10
  3. Shivi – 9/10


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