Reasoning Quiz for Upcoming IBPS Exams – Set 30 | Analytical Reasoning


Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a set of Analytical Reasoning Quiz for Upcoming IBPS Bank Exams. The following set of questions are moderate level.
DIRECTIONS (Qs. 1-4) : Read the
following information and five statements given below it carefully and answer
the questions which follow:
Exodus from rural areas to the
urban hubs in search of job opportunities has now declined to nearly twenty-six
percent of what it was at the turn of 21st century.
(A) Since the last decade, the
rural economy has transformed itself into a bankable, profit making and
commercially viable venture.
(B) Job opportunities differ in
urban and rural areas.
(C) The load on infrastructure
and resources in the urban areas which had remained unmanageable for a long
time has been eased a little since the last decade.
(D) This trend of reverse
migration which was seen only in developed countries till now has entered the
scenes of developing nations as well.
(E) According to a recent report
more than eighty percent of the professionals having roots in rural areas
prefer to work in urban cities rahter than their home villages.
1. Which of the statements numbered
(A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above represents an effect of the given information most appropriately ?
(a) B (b) C
(c) D (d) C
(e) Either D or E
2. Which of the statements numbered
(A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above represents a cause of the given information most appropriately ?
(a) E (b) D
(c) C (d) B
(e) A
3. Which of the statements numbered
(A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above represents an assumption most appropriately ? (An assumption is something
supposed or taken for granted)
(a) A (b) B
(c) C (d) Both A and C
(e) D
4. Which of the statements numbered
(A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) mentioned above would weaken / contradict the
facts presented in the paragraph ?
(a) A (b) B
(c) C (d) D
(e) E

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Question below is followed by
three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the
argument(s) is/are “strong” and indicate your answer accordingly.
5. Should the Government restrict
use of electricity for each household depending upon the requirement?
Arguments :
I. Yes, this will help government
tide over the problem of inadequate generation of electricity.
II. No, every citizen has right
to consume electricity as per their requirement as they pay for using
electricity.
III. No, the Government does not
have the machinery to put such a restriction on use of electricity.
(a) Only I is strong
(b) Only II is strong
(c) Only I and II are strong
(d) Only II and III are strong
(e) All I, II and III are strong
6. Statement: Many patients suffering from malaria were administered
anti-malarial drug for a week. Some of them did not respond to the traditional
drug and their condition deteriorated after four days.
Which of the following would weaken the findings mentioned in the
above statement?
(a) Those patients who responded
to the traditional drugs and recovered were needed to be given additional doses
as they reported relapse of symptoms.
(b) The mosquitoes carrying
malaria are found to be resistant to traditional malarial drugs.
(c) Majority of the patients
suffering from malaria responded well to the traditional malarial drugs and
recovered from the illness.
(d) Many drug companies have
stopped manufacturing traditional malarial drugs.
(e) None of these
7. Statement: The cost of manufacturing cars in state A is thirty per
cent less than the cost of manufacturing cars in state B. Even after
transportation fee for the differential distances of states A and B and the
interstate taxes, it is cheaper to manufacture cars in state B than state A for
selling these cars in State C.
Which of the following supports the conclusion drawn in the
above statement?
(a) The cost of transportation
from state A to state C is more than thirty per cent of the production cost.
(b) The production costs of cars
in state B are lower in comparison to state A.
(c) Only Entry tax at state C is
more for the products originated in state A
(d) Entry tax at state C is more
for the products originated in state B
(e) The total of transportation
cost of cars from state B to state C and entry tax of cars at state C is less
than thirty per cent of the production cost of cars in state B.
8. Statement : Many people are of the opinion that use of cell phones
in offices for personal use should totally be banned. It has been found in a
research study that there was significant drop in output of employees in the
organisation where use of cell phones was liberally allowed vis-a-vis those
organizations where use of cell phones are banned for making personal calls.
Which of the following contradicts the findings in the above
statement?
(a) People spend more time on
talking while using cell phone for personal calls.
(b) Use of cell phones has become
common in all the organizations.
(c) In the organization where
employees were allowed to use cell phones for making personal calls the
employees are found to be more motivated to carry out their duties than those
working in other organizations.
(d) Many organizations who
provide cell phones to their employees for making official calls advise them to
refrain from making personal calls during office hours
(e) None of these
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Answers:
1. (b) Statement (C) is the effect.
2. (e) Statement (A) is the cause.
3. (e) Statement (D) is an assumption.
4. (e) Statement (E) contradicts the facts stated in the
paragraph.
5. (c) Shortage of electricity can only lee faced with saving
in electricity. So argument I seems to be strong.
Argument II is also strong because every citizen is
paying every single unit of electricity so he/she has
right to consume it. Argument III seems to be weak
because government can earily manage restricted use
of electricity.
6. (c) Statement (c) would weaken the findings that some
of the patients did not respond to the traditional drug
meant for malria.
7. (e) Data given is conclusion (e) is in favour of findings
given in the statement.
8. (c) Statement (c) is just opposites of findings given in
statement because the organisations where employees
are allowed to use cell phones their work-efficiency
is reduced considerably

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