Vocabulary Test – 5

Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a Vocabulary Test for Bank & SSC Examinations.

In the following questions, each word in capital letters is followed by four words or phrases. Choose the one which is similar in meaning to the word given in the, capital letters.

1. FURLOUGH
(a) Soldiers holiday (b) Wild growth
(c) Wooden plough (d) Till

Answer & Solutions

Option: A

Explanation: Furlough means leave or absence.

 

2. PUNCTILIOUS
(a) Prude (b) Wasteful
(c) Meticulous (d) Timid

Answer & Solutions

Option: C

Explanation: Punctilious means very careful about details, meticulous also means the same, prude is a person who has an exxagerated sense of propriety and gets shocked easily. Timid is a person who is shy, fearful.

 

3. ENCOMIUM
(a) Verve (b) Eulogy
(c) Doggerel (d) Force

Answer & Solutions

Option: B

Explanation: Encomium is formal praise and eulogy is a piece of spoken or written praise, verve is enthusiasm or vigour, doggerel is bad verse.

 

4. INVIDIOUS
(a) Irritable (b) Harsh
(c) Sinful (d) Unpopular

Answer & Solutions

Option: A

Explanation: Invidious means improper, this may cause irritation or anger.

 

5. LACHRYMOSE
(a) Terse (b) Mournful
(c) Indecent (d) Lecherous

Answer & Solutions

Option: B

Explanation: Lachrymose is tearful, mournful will also be tearful, terse is brief, lecherous is someone extremely interested in sex.

 

 

DIRECTIONS (Qs. 6 – 10): A word in capital letters is followed by four words. Choose the word that is most nearly opposite in meaning to the word given in capital letters.

6. ELAN
(a) Brashness (b) Dignity
(c) Composure (d) Nervousness

Answer & Solutions

Option: D

Explanation: Elan means vigour or energy and enthusiasm, opposite of enthusiasm would be nervousness, composure means calmness, dignity is calm and serious manner while brashness is opposite to composure.

 

7. IRASCIBLE
(a) Kind (b) Friendly
(c) Roguish (d) Clever

Answer & Solutions

Option: C

Explanation: Irascible is hot tempered, or someone who easily gets angry, roguish is playful, it is more clearly an antonym to hot tempered than friendly or even kind. Both words Irascible and roguish concern the temperament of a person, while others are about his nature.

 

8. NEBULOUS
(a) Concrete (b) Unkind
(c) Undramatic (d) Uninteresting

Answer & Solutions

Option: A

Explanation: Nebulous is indistinct something that does not have a clear outline, Concrete is solid and of definite shape.

 

9. PENCHANT
(a) Disinclination (b) Lone
(c) Directness (d) Lack of skill

Answer & Solutions

Option: A

Explanation: Penchant is a natural inclination towards something, lone means only, alone, single.

 

10. PERFUNCTORY
(a) Quick (b) Slow
(c) Careful (d) Loud

Answer & Solutions

Option: C

Explanation:

Perfunctory is a task performed only for the sake of it, done carelessly without much attention.

 

 

Regards

Team Exampundit

 

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