Vocabulary Test – 11

Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a Vocabulary Test for Bank & SSC Examinations.

Each question below consists of a word printed in capitals, followed by four small lettered words or phrases. Choose two small lettered words or phrases that are most nearly the same in meaning to the word in capitals.

 

1. SHAM
(a) feign (b) spread
(c) mellow (d) hypocrisy

Answer & Solutions

Option: A & D

Explanation: Sham’ : (as verb) feign, pretend; (as noun) imposture, pretence; ‘feign’ (1) and ‘hypocrisy’ (d) are closest synonyms, ‘spread’ (b) and ‘mellow’ (soft and rich, softened or matured) (c) are not. Except (a) and (d) other options are wrong.

 

2. WILE
(a) during (b) guile
(c) entice (d) guilt

Answer & Solutions

Option: B&C

Explanation: ‘Wile’ : (as noun) a stratagem, a trick or cunning procedure; (as verb) lure or entice; ‘guile’ (treachery, deceit, cunning) (b) and ‘entice’ (persuade by the offer of pleasure or reward) (c) are closest synonyms; ‘during’ (a) and ‘guilt’ (d) are not. Except (b) and (c) other options are wrong.

 

3. FIAT
(a) decree (b) edict
(c) auto (d) design

Answer & Solutions

Option: A&B

Explanation: Fiat’ : an authorisation, a decree or order; ‘decree’ (a) and ‘edict’ : (an order proclaimed by authority) (b) are closest synonyms; ‘auto’ (c) and ‘design’ (d) are not. Except (a) and (b) other options are wrong.

 

4. SECT
(a) crowd (b) belief
(c) faction (d) party

Answer & Solutions

Option: C&D

Explanation: ‘Sect’ : a party or faction in a religious body, a religious denomination, a body of people subscribing to religious doctrines different from others in the same religion; ‘faction’ (a small organised, dissenting group) (c) and ‘party’ (d) are closest synonyms. Except (c) and (d) other options are wrong.

 

5. RANK
(a) bottom (b) complete
(c) lever (d) flagrant

Answer & Solutions

Option: B&D

Explanation: ‘Rank’ : (here) offensive, loathsome, indecent, flagrant, gross, complete etc.; ‘complete’ (b) and ‘flagrant’ (d) are closest synonyms, ‘bottom’ (a) and ‘lever’ (c) are not. Except (b) and (d) other options are wrong.

 

6. AVER
(a) avoid (b) attest
(c) avow (d) deny

Answer & Solutions

Option: B&C

Explanation: ‘Aver’ : assert, affirm, attest (certifying the validity of, be evidence of) (b) and ‘avow’ (admit, confess) (c) are closest synonyms; ‘avoid’ (a) and ‘deny’ (d) are not. Except (b) and (c) other options are wrong.

 

7. CANT
(a) jargon (b) contradiction
(c) argot (d) talk

Answer & Solutions

Option: A&C

Explanation: ‘Cant’ : insincere, pious, moral talk, language peculiar to a class, profession, sect etc.; ‘jargon’ (words used by a particular profession or group) (a) and ‘argot’ (the jargon of a group or class, formerly esp. of criminals) (c) are closest synonyms; ‘contradiction’ (b) and ‘talk’ (d) are not. Except (a) and (c) other options are wrong.

 

8. DOLE
(a) senator (b) put
(c) distribute (d) parcel (out)

Answer & Solutions

Option: C&D

Explanation: ‘Dole’ : a charitable (esp. sparing, niggardly gift of food, clothes or money), ‘distribute’ (c) and ‘parcel’ (out) (d) are closest synonyms; ‘senator’ (a) and ‘put’ (b) are not. Except (c) and (d) other options are wrong.

 

9. MIRE
(a) bog (b) mush
(c) briar (d) entangle

Answer & Solutions

Option: A&D

Explanation: ‘Mire’ : a stretch of boggy or swampy ground, mud, dirt; ‘bog’ (a) and ‘entangle’ (cause to get caught in a snare or among obstacles) (d) are closest synonyms; ‘mush’ (soft pulp; feeble sentimentality) (b) and ‘briar’ (any prickly bush esp. of a wild rose) (c) are not. Except (a) and (d) other options are wrong.

 

10. TILT
(a) charge (b) incline
(c) fall (d) admire

Answer & Solutions

Option: A&B

Explanation:

‘Tilt’ : assume or cause to assume a sloping position, strike or charge at; ‘charge’ (a) and ‘incline’ (b) are the synonyms; ‘fall’ (c) and ‘admire’ (d) are not. Except (a) and (b), other options are wrong.

 

 

Regards

Team Exampundit

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