SBI PO Prelims 2017: Cloze Test – Set 7

Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a set of English Quiz for SBI PO Prelims on Cloze Test.
In the following passage there are blanks, each of
which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and
against each, five words, are suggested, one of which fits the blank
appropriately. Find out the word in each case.

India has an
___1___ but also an opportune challenge ahead of it with regard to the SDGs.
This is because the SDGs essentially encompass India’s overall development
agenda ___2___  they include health and
food, cities and infrastructure, energy access, poverty and inequality, water,
sanitation, climate change, consumption and ecosystems. The interconnected
nature of the SDGs makes them complex, but also ___3___ complementary benefits
from specific goals and targets. For instance, clean drinking water and
sanitation would enhance health, leading to improved nutrition and well-being.
Sustainable consumption and production would ___4___ the use of materials and
energy, leading to mitigation of greenhouse gases, and should improve local
ecosystems because of the relation between consumption and natural systems. It
was earlier ___5___ that since climate change, the 13th SDG, is under the
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the targets for
this goal would be determined by the Convention. This safeguards the
protections and responsibilities that stem from the UNFCCC.

The former CEO
of NITI Aayog is reported to have said ___6___ the difficulty of reaching the
SDGs that lack of data has already made it difficult to attain the goals of the
12th Five Year Plan. In ___7___ to paucity of funds, difficulties of data
availability and poor capacity at various levels are likely to hamper India’s
progress towards the SDGs. But the SDGs are global objectives that signal what
is important for human well-being, and they incorporate many of the ___8___
learned from decades of development (sustainable or otherwise). Besides, the
specific domains that the SDGs target align almost exactly with the objectives
of India’s Five Year Plans and government schemes. Thus, while attaining all
the SDGs on time may be near impossible, there are several cross-cutting tasks
that can be addressed. These include ___9___ what data we already have used or
could use, finding proxies, setting up new institutions (policies, rules and
regulations), improving Centre-State coordination to reach the goals, and
building ___10___.
(a) small    (b) mammoth     (c) enormous (d) insignificant (e)
(a) as    (b) because    (c) since 
(d) for  (e) which
(a)initiates    (b) produces  (c) cites 
(d) demonstrates    (e)
(a) improve   (b) elevate    (c) reduce 
(d) show    (e) notice
(a) agreed    (b) decided    (c) argued    (d) pondered    (e) perceived
(a) about   (b) because    (c) for  
(d) regarding     (e) outcasts
(a) addition    (b) reminisce    (c) surplus 
(d) compliment  (e) hovering
8. (a) 
works   (b) lessons  (c) duties 
(d) responsibilities  (e) morals.
9. (a) categorizing   (b) differentiating    (c)identifying   (d) looking (e)hiding
10. (a) wellness (b) capacity    (c) construction  (d) ability   
(e) firmness.
Answers & Solutions – Tap to show
1. (c) Because the rest options do not fit the structure.
2. (c) Goes with the meaning of the sentence in the paragraph.
3. (d) Option fits best
4. (c) Option gives meaning to the paragraph.
5. (a) Option fits best
6. (d) said “regarding” something
7. (a) “in addition” is grammatically correct
8. (b) Option fits best
9. (c) Rest alternatives don’t fit with the meaning of the paragraph.
10. (d)Option fits best.

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