*Hello and welcome to ***exampundit**. Here is a set of Reasoning Quiz for upcoming Bank and Insurance Exams.

**Directions(Q. 1-6):**Study the following information and answer the

Questions given below it:

A blacksmith has five iron articles A, B, C, D and E, each having a different

weight.

(i) A weighs twice as much as B.

(ii) B weighs four and a half times as much as C.

(iii) C weighs half as much as D.

(iv) D weighs half as much as E.

(v) E weighs less than A but more than C

1. Which of the following is the lightest in weight ?

A) A

B) B

C) C

D) D

E) E

2. E is lighter in weight than which of the other two

articles?

articles?

A) A, B

B) D, C

C) A, C

D) D, B

E) B, E

3. E is heavier than which of the following two articles ?

A) D, B

B) D, C

C) A, C

D) A, B

E) None of these

4. Which of the following articles is the heaviest in weight

?

?

A) A

B) B

C) C

D) D

E) E

5. Which of the following represents the descending order of

weights of the articles?

weights of the articles?

A) A, B, E, D, C

B) B, D, E, A, C

C) E, C, D, A, B

D) C, A, D, B, E

E) A, B, D, E, C

6. Which of the above given statements is not necessary to

determine the Correct order of articles according to their weights?

determine the Correct order of articles according to their weights?

A) 1

B) 2

C) 3

D) 4

E) 5

**Directions (Q. 7-11):**

In the following questions, the symbols @, $, %, # and © are used with the

following meanings illustrated—

˜A @ B™ means ˜A is not smaller than B™.

˜A $ B™ means ˜A is not greater than B™.

˜A % B™ means ˜A is neither smaller than nor equal to B™.

˜A # B™ means A is neither greater than nor equal to B™.

A © B™ means ˜A is neither smaller than nor greater than B™.

In each of the following questions assuming the given

statements to be true, find out which of the two conclusions I and II given

below them is/are definitely true.

statements to be true, find out which of the two conclusions I and II given

below them is/are definitely true.

7.

**Statements:**
A @B,

B%D,

D©K

**Conclusions:**

I. A©K

II. B%K

A) If only conclusion I is true.

B) If only conclusion II is true.

C) If either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.

D) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true.

E) If both conclusions I and II are true.

8.

**Statements:**
M $ N,

N @ R,

T % R

**Conclusions:**

I. M @ R

II. T©R

A) If only conclusion I is true.

B) If only conclusion II is true.

C) If either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.

D) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true.

E) If both conclusions I and II are true.

9.

**Statements:**
J % K,

J # M,

**Conclusions:**

I. M % J

II. K % N

A) If only conclusion I is true.

B) If only conclusion II is true.

C) If either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.

D) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true.

E) If both conclusions I and II are true.

10.

**Statements:**
J # K,

K©L,

P$L

**Conclusions**:

I. P$K

II. J#L

A) If only conclusion I is true.

B) If only conclusion II is true.

C) If either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.

D) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true.

E) If both conclusions I and II are true.

11.

**Statements:**
A @ B,

B # C,

D $ E

**Conclusions:**

I. C © A

II. C % A

A) If only conclusion I is true.

B) If only conclusion II is true.

C) If either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.

D) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true.

E) If both conclusions I and II are true.

Answers:

- Ans. C
- Ans. A
- Ans. B
- Ans. A
- Ans. A
- Ans. E
- Ans. B
- Ans. D
- Ans. A
- Ans. E
- Ans. D

Detailed Solutions:

1. Sol.

Let the weight of E be x kg

weight of A =2.25 x kg

weight of B =1.125 x kg

weight of C =0.25 x kg

weight of D =0.5 x kg

weight of E = x kg

Now the increasing order of weights is,

C < D < E < B < A

Lightest in weight = C

2. Sol. Let the weight of E be x kg

weight of A =2.25 x kg

weight of B =1.125 x kg

weight of C =0.25 x kg

weight of D =0.5 x kg

weight of E = x kg

Now the increasing order of weights is,

C < D < E < B < A

E is lighter than A,B

3. Sol. Let the weight of E be x kg

weight of A =2.25 x kg

weight of B =1.125 x kg

weight of C =0.25 x kg

weight of D =0.5 x kg

weight of E = x kg

Now the increasing order of weights is,

C < D < E < B < A

E is heavier than C, D

4. Sol. (i) A weighs 2 B

(ii) B weighs 4.5 C

(iii) C weighs 0.5 D

(iv) D weighs 0.5 E

(v) A > E > C

D weights 0.5 E and B weights 4.5 (0.5D) —> 2.25 D

—-> Therefore , B > D

—-> Therefore , B > D

Also B > E because B weights 2.25 (0.5E) —-> 1.125 E

Now concluding all the five statements A > B > E >

D > C<d<e<b

D > C<d<e<b

</d<e<b

5. Sol. Let the weight of E be x kg weight of A =2.25 x kg

weight of B =1.125 x kg

weight of C =0.25 x kg

weight of D =0.5 x kg

weight of E = x kg

Now the increasing order of weights is,

C < D < E < B < A

Decreasing order of weights is A > B > E > D > C

**6.**Sol. Let the

weight of E be x kg weight of A =2.25 x kg

weight of B =1.125 x kg

weight of C =0.25 x kg

weight of D =0.5 x kg

weight of E = x kg

Now the increasing order of weights is,

C < D < E < B < A

(v) statement is not required

**7.**Sol. Statements: A

__>__B > D = K

Conclusion:

I. A = K false

II. B > K True

I. A = K false

II. B > K True

**8.**Sol. Statements: M

__<__N

__>__R

< T

Conclusions:

I. M

II. T = R False

I. M

__>__R FalseII. T = R False

**9.**Sol. Statements: K < J < M

__>__N

Conclusions:

I. M > J True

II. K > N False

I. M > J True

II. K > N False

**10.**Sol. Statements: J < K = L

__>__P

Conclusions:

I. P

II. J < L True

I. P

__<__K TrueII. J < L True

**11.**Sol. Statements: A

__>__B < C, D

__<__E

Conclusions:

I. C = A False

II. C > A False

I. C = A False

II. C > A False

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