Newspaper Editorial with Vocabulary – 2

Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is an editorial from The Hans India newspaper. The following editorial is based on the topic of NPA & GDP which falls under the current affairs.

Time for course correction
The economic downturn attributed
by its adversaries to be the result of policy paralysis was the significant
reason for the fall of UPA regime. The BJP could register a resounding victory
in 2014 primarily due to the hope it generated on the revival of economy. But,
the recent developments on the economic front certainly belied those expectations.
The botched demonetisation has inflicted a heavy pain on the economy
especially the informal sector. The official explanation, however, is that this
decline in growth is the result of pre-GST apprehensions
that has resulted in destocking. The continuing deceleration and the steep
decline in growth rates do not validate the government claims.
The worrisome fact is that the growth fell despite increasing the
public expenditure that should have acted as a stimulus.  According to figures from the Controller General of
Accounts, central government spending during the first four months of financial
year 2017-18 (April to July) amounted to 38 per cent of the budgeted total, as
compared with 33 per cent in the corresponding period of the previous year.
Yet another alibi could be the global economic climate. But, the slowdown
cannot be attributed to the global factors as India’s export performance
improved during April-July this year as compared to the corresponding period in
the last fiscal. 
The contraction in private
consumption and investment demand seems to be the major factor contributing to
sluggish growth. The curbs on public spending owing to the policy of fiscal
consolidation being implemented over a period has diminished the dynamism in
the economy especially in the productive sectors like agriculture and
NPAs or bad loans in State-owned
banks touched Rs 6.41 trillion by March 31, 2017 from Rs 1.56 trillion on 31
March 2013. This excludes restructured loans. The ballooning NPAs which was the result of credit boom that induced
the high growth in the yester years crippling
the banking sector resulted in sharp slowdown in credit delivery in the recent
months leading to adverse impact on growth.

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Besides, these long-term and
structural factors causing depressed growth, the demonetisation-induced unprecedented monetary contraction
resulting in artificial recession has rubbed
in the economic wounds.
The high GST rates can further
compress the demand leading to further deceleration of economic growth. 
In fact, the economic woes are more comprehensive. Economic growth decelerated
to a three-year low of 5.7% in the June quarter of 2017-18.
The Current Account Deficit (CAD)
hit a four-year high in the same quarter at 2.4% of Gross Domestic Product
(GDP) despite benign oil prices.
Exporters have been hit hard by a rising rupee despite recent upturn.
Even surgical strikes like abridging the rural jobs scheme since
2014 have dampened rural growth
adversely affecting overall growth.  The NDA government made the MGNREGA
resource-driven rather than demand-driven despite two consecutive years of
The restrictions on selling
cattle is one of the reasons for growth in animal husbandry coming down in the
June quarter of 2017-18, thus affecting agricultural growth. The government
cannot blame it over anyone. Its own policy prescriptions are the reasons for
the present crisis. it’s the time for course correction.

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Vocabulary for Editorial

make less strong or intense.
Impose a restriction on a right or privilege
gentle and kind.
Rub salt into the wound
To make something that is already difficult,
unpleasant, or painful even worse
never done or known before.
cause a severe and almost insuperable problem
to multiply or increase at a rapid rate
an excuse for
something bad or for a failure
a thing that arouses activity or energy in
someone or something; a spur or incentive.
causing anxiety or concern.
anxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant
will happen.
carry out (a task) badly or carelessly.
fail to fulfil or justify (a claim or

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