English Quiz for SBI PO Mains and RBI Grade B 2016 – Set 10

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Directions (Q. 1-10):
Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it
We view violence against women as
gender-based violence. This recognises that one of the fundamental causes of
violence against women is the unequal power relations between men and women,
which lead to discrimination. Gender based violence against women is violence
directed against a woman because she is a woman or violence that affects women
disproportionately. The history of violence against women remains vague. This is in part due to the fact
that many kinds of violence against women (specifically sexual assault, and
domestic violence) often go unreported or under-reported, often due to societal
norms, taboos, stigma, and the sensitive nature of the subject. It is widely
recognized that even today, a lack of reliable and continuous data is an
obstacle in having a clear picture of violence against women, so a historical
picture of violence against women becomes even more difficult to capture.
Although the history of violence against women is difficult to track, some
claim that violence against women has been accepted, and even condoned and legally sanctioned
throughout history. The violence against women can occur in both public and
private spheres of life and at any time of their life span. Many women are
terrified by these threats of violence and this essentially has an impact on
their lives that they are impeded to
exercise their human rights, for instance, the fear for contribution to the
development of their communities socially, economically and politically. To
create inclusive cities that respect the rights of everyone, we need to create
conditions and physical environments where women, men, girls and boys can live,
work, go to school, move around, and socialise without fear of harm. We also
need to change attitudes and policies that perpetuate
violence against women. This is essential for economic and social development
and for meeting the commitments. Many women and girls face domestic violence
not only in their homes and in design and poor management of those spaces. In
practical terms this can relate to factors such as inadequate street lighting,
unsafe underpasses, ineffective community policing and lack of rehabilitation
programmes for those involved in antisocial use of public spaces. During times
of conflict or social unrest, those factors can further exacerbate the risk of gender-based violence. We also need full and
meaningful participation of women and girls to make cities safer for them.
Governments at all levels have a vital role and responsibility in engaging
women and girls and men and boys as equals in decision-making, policy and
strategy development addressing violence against women and girls. Ending
violence against women requires collective action and we need to recognise that
safer cities for women and girls are better cities for everyone.
1. Why several types
of violence against women unrecorded or unpublicized in the context of the
passage ?
1) Honour killing may take place.
2) There is a gender based discrimination.
3) No one will marry that woman.
4) Societal norms, taboos and Poor mentality of the society
is a great cause.
5) None of these
2. What are the
solutions suggested in the passage in the favour of women safety ?
1) Government need to create safer city.
2) By increasing participation of women.
3) With the help of collective action.
4) All of the above.
5) None of these
3. What do you
understand by Poor management of spaces in the context of the passage ?
1) Lack of infrastructural facility and ineffective
community policing
2) Where antisocial elements reside
3) Where antisocial use of public spaces take place
4) Both 1 and 3
5) All of the above
4. Which will best
describe ‘Gender Based Violence’ ?
1) Which is directed against a woman because she is part of
the society.
2) Which affects women unduly.
3) Where discrimination is based on castism.
4) All of the above
5. Find the false
statement (s) on the basis of the given passage.
1) Social unrest or riots is a factor that can increase the
risk of gender based violence.
2) Both men and women should given equal chance in the
society.
3) Unequal distribution of power between men and women is a
cause of gender based violence.
4) Either 1 and 3
5) None of these
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Direction (Q. 6 -7) :
Choose the word which is most OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold
as
used in the passage.
6. Perpetuate
1) Eternize 2) Bolster 3) Discontinue 4) Sustain 5) Obscure
7. Impeded
1) Liberate 2) Curb 3) Interfere 4) tenebrous 5) Enigmatic
Direction (Q. 8 -10)
: Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word printed in

bold as used in the passage.
8. Condoned
1) Regard 2) Prevent 3) Over look 4) Censure 5) Pass
9. Exacerbate
1) Placate 2) Delight 3) Pacify 4) Enrage 5) Unclog
10. Vague

1) Secure 2) Apparent 3) Determined 4) Sharp 5) ill –
defined

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