English Quiz for IBPS PO Prelims – Set 6

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Directions (Q.
1-15):- Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given
below it.
Certain words are given in
bold in the passage to help you to locate them while answering some of the
Though the Cold War has ended,
selective tactics are still continuing for ensuring the military and economic
dominance of developed countries. Various types of technology denial regimes
are still being enforced which are now being mainly targeted against developing
countries like India. Today, we in India encounter twin problems. On one side
there is a large scale strengthening of our neighbours through supply of arms
and clandestine support to their nuclear and missile programmes and on the
other side all efforts are being made to weaken our indigenous technology
growth through control regimes and dumping of low-tech systems, accompanied
with high commercial pitch in critical areas. Growth of indigenous technology and self-reliance are the only answer to the
problem. Thus in the environment around India, the number of missiles and
nuclear powers are continuously
increasing and destructive weapons continue to pile up around us, in spite of
arms reduction treaties. To understand the implications of various types of
warfare that may affect us, we need to take a quick look at the evolution of war weaponry and the types
of warfare. I am highlighting this point for the reason that in less than a
century we could see change in the nature of warfare and its effects on
society. In early years of human history it was mostly direct human warfare.
During the twentieth century upto about 1990, the warfare was weapon driven.
The weapons used were guns, tanks, aircraft, ships, submarines and the nuclear
weapons deployed on land/sea/air and also reconnaissance
spacecraft. Proliferation of
conventional nuclear and biological weapons was at a peak owing to the
competition between the superpowers. The next phase, in a new form, has just
started from 1990 onwards. The world has graduated into economic warfare. The
means used is control of market forces through high technology. The
participating nations, apart from the USA, are Japan, the UK, France, Germany,
certain South-East Asian countries and a few others. The driving force is the
generation of wealth with certain types of economic doctrine. The urgent issue
we need to address collectively as a nation is, how do we handle the tactics of
economic and military dominance in
this new form coming from the backdoor? Today technology is the main driver of
economic development at the national level. Therefore, we have to develop
indigenous technologies to enhance our competitive edge and to generate
national wealth in all segments of economy. Therefore, the need of the hour is
arm India with technology.
1. Why do certain
countries use selective tactics against developing countries?
(a) To help developing countries gain military and economic
(b) To help developing countries govern themselves and be
economically independent
(c) To ally with developing countries to dominate over other
developed countries
(d) To curtail their domination over developing countries
(e) None of the above
2. Which are the issues
of great concern that India is facing at present, according to the author of
(1) The supply of high-tech weaponry by other countries to
India’s neighbours who are likely to use the same against India.
(2) Other countries secretly helping India’s neighbours to
strengthen their nuclear might.
(3) Obstruction of India’s genuine efforts to develop its
own nuclear technology.
(a) (1) and (2)
(b) (2) and (3)
(c) (1) and (3)
(d) All of these
(e) None of these
3. Enforcement of
technology denial regimes by developed countries implies which of the
(a) Dominance of developing countries over developed ones
(b) Exploitation of developing nations by the mightier ones
(c) Targeting of developed countries by developing countries
(d) Sympathizing with underprivileged countries
(e) None of the above
4. The striking
difference in warfare before and after 1990 was the shift from
(a) guns, tanks, etc to nuclear weapons
(b) ships and submarines to spacecrafts
(c) weaponry to economic warfare
(d) economic forces to high technology driven warfare
(e) None of the above
5. Why according to
the author, is it necessary to examine how weaponry and warfare have evolved?
(1) To understand their implications for us.
(2) To learn the rapid changes that have taken place in
weaponry and warfare.
(3) To master them and enable us to attack – our enemies.
(a) (1) and (2)
(b) (1) and (3)
(c) (2) and (3)
(d) All of the above
(e) None of the above
6. According to the
author, the most effective way to counter our major problems is to
(1) develop indigenous technologies.
(2) compete with other countries in their warring tactics.
(3) generate national wealth in all segments of economy.
(a) (1) and (2)
(b) (2) and (3)
(c) (1) and (3)
(d) All of these
(e) None of these
7. What, according to
the author, is the solution to our problems in the international field?
(1) Importing up-to-date technology and nuclear equipments
from developed countries.
(2) Developing our own in-house technology.
(3) Eliminating dependence on developed countries.
(a) (1) and (2)
(b) (1) and (3)
(c) (2) and (3)
(d) All of these
(e) None of these
8. What is the
general outcome of arms reduction treaties as a whole according to the author
of the
(a) They seem to have become totally defunct
(b) They have achieved the desired outcome in most cases
(c) They have resulted in curbing the trade of destructive
(d) Piling up of weapons has significantly reduced due to
such treaties
(e) None of the above
9. What, according to
the author, is the immediate problem to be collectively resolved by our country?
(a) To counter the dominance of developed countries through
money and muscle power
(b) To eradicate poverty and become economically self
(c) To control the exorbitant rate of population growth
(d) To develop indigenous technology to manufacture mightier
(e) None of the above
Directions (Q.
10-12):- Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning as the word
in bold as used in the
10. Reconnaissance
(a) Investigation (b) Reserved
(c) Recognizable (d) Remedy
(e) Attack
11. Proliferation
(a) Explosion (b) Devastation
(c) Discomfiture (d) Abundance
(e) Extraction
12. Evolution
(a) Magnification
(b) Expansion
(c) Progression
(d) Modification
(e) Changing
Directions (Q.
13-15):- Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning of the word printed
in bold
as used in the passage.
13. Indigenous
(a) Local (b) Domestic
(c) Abroad (d) Foreign
(e) Exported
14. Dominance
(a) Aggression (b) Submission
(c) Assertion (d) Ignorance
(e) Lethargy
15. Continuously
(a) Illegitimately (b) Unconditionally
(c) Insensitively (d) Uninterrupted
(e) Intermittently


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