English Quiz for BOB Manipal and Dena Bank PGDBF 2017 – Set 7

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Directions (Q. 11 -20): Read the
passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/
phrases have been given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of
the questions.
Values are those principles or
standards, which help better the quality of life. Values codify the dos and
don’ts of behaviour. They form the basics of character formation and
personality development. The values that spring from within or the core of the
heart, like love, compassion, sympathy, empathy, tolerance, etc lay the
foundation for the external practiced values like honesty, discipline, punctuality
and loyalty. The most important to remember is that “values are priceless,
while valuables are priced.” In today’s fast paced competitive world, man
seems to have compromised on his values, integrity and character, in a bid to
earn, use and possess more and more of material wealth. As a result, we see rampant corruption, unlawful
activities, inhuman behaviour and immoral consumption, which is slowly breaking
the very structure of our society, nation and the world.
Therefore, there is an urgent
need to re-introduce value based spiritual education dealing specifically with
human values”, to redesign the fabric of our educational system. A child’s
mind is like soft clay and can be moulded to any desired shape. Thus, this is
the right time and age to impart value education so that the right impressions
formed in the child’s mind will guide him throughout his life. Such life will
definitely be based on moral and just principles. School is the common platform
for all children coming from various backgrounds. In an interactive and
learning environment of the school, where a child spends a maximum of eight
hours of waking time, the human values can be easily evoked in him by making him “experience” and
“live” the values. Teachers, in turn, present themselves as role
models to be emulated. The basic
approach to impart value education is “love”.
This is the most vital aspect to
implement value education in three ways: the independent approach, the
integrated approach, and the subtle approach. Sahaj marg the “natural
path” is a system of practical training in spirituality. The goal of sahaj
marg is inner perfection, god realisation or merger with the ultimate. In Shri
Ram Chandra Mission, they meditate on the heart and through meditation regulate
the mind. Their present spiritual master is Pujyashri Parthasarathi
Rajagopalachari. The Sahaj Marg Research and Training Institute, a global wing
of Shri Ramchandra Mission, has its headquarters at Chennai. They have been
actively involved in conducting training programmes for abhyasis of the
mission, and workshops and value education seminars for teachers and
educationists. They also runs echoes pre-primary school, where they also
conduct essay writing on subjects pertaining
to spirituality on all India basis for school children, college students and
youth. Summer camps and open forums are conducted to cater to the needs of
children, the youth and women. The basic values are explained through
experiments in science and other curricular subjects and also through charts.
True, children learn more by observation, perception, experience and intuition,
rather than by being told or taught about values. They assimilate the codes of behaviour from the direct environment at
home and at school, which eventually leads to the formation of character. Hence
both parents and teachers, need to present themselves as role models, whom the
children can look up to, for guidance. To be effective role models
“self-realisation” is the key, for it brings about an internal
balance and harmony, which in turn is reflected externally by right conduct,
character and personality. To achieve such a result we need to regulate our
minds and purify our hearts by the constant practice of meditation. So, value
based spiritual education must be made compulsory at school level, atleast.
1. Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning to the word ‘rampant’ as used in the passage.
1) Controlled
2) Wanton
3) Impetuous
4) Predominant
5) Spreading
2. Which of the following best
describes ‘values’ as given in the
1) Standards of behaviour
2) One’s judgement of what is
important in life
3) It is considered to be priced
4) Both 1) and 2)
5) All 1), 2) and 3)
3. Choose the word which is most similar in meaning to the word ‘evoked’
as used in the passage.
1) Suppressed
2) Halted
3) Stifled
4) Shifted
5) Induced
4. According to the author, how
can the lack in values be controlled?
1) By having high opinion.
2) By increasing the awareness of
3) By re-establishing value based
spiritual education.
4) Through self control
5) None of these
5. Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning of the word ‘assimilate’ as used in the passage?
1) Comprehend
2) Misinterpret
3) Sense
4) Incorporate
5) Ingest
6. Which of the following is not a mode of learning for a child?
1) Self-experience
2) Heedlessness
3) Perception
4) Insight
5) Sensation
7. Choose the word which is most similar in meaning to the word ‘pertaining’
as used in the passage?
1) Relating
2) Responding
3) Thinking
4) Feeling
5) Inspiring
8. Find the correct statement on the
basis of the given passage.
1) India is badly in need of
Value Based Education.
2) Values education is a process
of teaching and learning about what a society deems important.
3) Values education is used to
influence student’s attitude and behaviour.
4) All of the above
5) None of these
9. Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning of the word ‘Emulated’ as used in the passage?
1) Imitated
2) Followed
3) Perceived
4) Challenged
5) Neglected
10. What does the author mean by
the phrase ‘self realisation’?
1) An analysis of one’s dark
2) An expression of one’s
3) The experience of self-
4) Basic values in someone
5) None of these

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