Daily Editorial Update with Vocabulary – The Idea of India


Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is today’s editorial with vocabulary from the most vocabulary enriched newspaper The Hans India.

The Idea of
India
“India’s cultural diversity is
its strength.  In India, people
practicing idol worship, people who did not follow idol worship, atheists and
people believing in god are all living in peace and harmony”. These words of
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on his ‘Mann ki Baat’ should serve as an eye
opener for the fringe elements
working within the ruling dispensation.
Modi has rightly reflected on the
idea of India that nurtured this great civilization for millennia. The divisive
trends that are determined to challenge this country’s cultural diversity are
an affront to this notion of India.
Given this plurality of Indian society, as the distinguished historian Romila
Thapar   exhorted, we have to cease to think of ourselves as identified
primarily by religion, caste, or language and start thinking of ourselves
primarily as equal citizens of one nation, both in theory and in practice.
As Amartya Sen repeatedly
emphasised, the long tradition of argument and public debate, of intellectual
pluralism and generosity informs India’s history. In fact, India as a mainly
Hindu country is a Western description. Hinduism as an inclusive philosophy
rather than an exclusionist, divisive religion has defined the diverse and
pluralistic tradition of Indian civilization.
Hinduism is mature enough and magnanimous enough to accommodate dissenting views and even profound skepticism.  The idea of India, therefore, rejects this bellicose version of the religion. In
our heterogeneity and in our
openness lies our pride, not our disgrace Indian spiritual thinkers and great
texts have always upheld this view of India.
Upanishads say “let the noble
thoughts come to us from every side.” Nothing else can be more accommodative
and universal than this wisdom. ”There are as many paths to God as there are
faiths” These are the pearls of wisdom from Sri Ramakrishna. Lord Krishna
reveals in The Bhagavad Gita, “He who has let go of hatred, who treats all
beings with kindness and compassion, who is always serene, … that is the man I
love best.” the Rig Veda mantra, Ekam sad vipra bahudha vadanti  (There is one truth, wise men explain it in
various ways) is the essence of India’s spiritual tradition that celebrates the
true idea of India.
The historical legacy of Indian
philosophical tradition was a witness to myriad
schools of thought like Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Samkhya, Yoga, Mimamsa and Vedanta,
Jain, Buddhist, Ajivika and Carvaka etc. No civilization can prosper if it is
static and isolated. There is a vigorous tradition of arguing in India. This
interactive character of India defined its progress through the centuries. As
Tagore said, let us unite, not in spite of our differences, but through
them.  Let my country not be fragmented
with narrow domestic walls. 
Officially, there are at least
1,618 languages in India, 6,400 castes, six major religions (four of them that
originated in these lands), six anthropologically defined ethnic groups that
constitute the nation called India. The unity of India has been and shall
always be a unity in diversity.
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Important
Vocabulary from Editorial
Word
Meaning
fringe
the outer or less important part of an area,
group, or activity
dispensation
exemption from a rule or usual requirement.
affront
an action or remark that causes outrage or
offence.
exhorted
strongly encourage or urge (someone) to do
something.
magnanimous
generous or forgiving, especially towards a rival
or less powerful person.
dissenting
hold or express opinions that are at variance
with those commonly or officially held.
skepticism
a sceptical attitude; doubt as to the truth of
something.
bellicose
demonstrating aggression and willingness to fight/war.
heterogeneity
the quality or state of being diverse in
character or content.
myriad
a very large number of something

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Team ExamPundit

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