Current Affairs Update – 2 to 6 September, 2016

Hello and welcome to exampundit . Here are the important Current Affairs from 2nd to 6th September, 2016. These are important for the upcoming IBPS PO VI Mains, Bank of Baroda and Bank of Maharashtra PO Exams.

Current Affairs at a Glance – 2 to 6 September, 2016

  1. India and Vietnam on 3 September 2016
    signed twelve agreements to boost the bilateral relations between the two
    nations
    . The agreements were inked after delegation level talks
    between of Prime Minister of the two nations, Narendra Modi and Nguyen Xuan
    Phuc.
  2. India and Chile have expanded their Preferential Trade Agreement with
    both offering to lower or eliminate tariffs on a number of items traded with
    each other.
  3. India and Egypt on 2 September 2016 signed an agreement on Maritime
    Transport
    . The agreement would help the two nations to step-up
    co-operation on the seas not only in terms of maritime commerce but also in
    transit of naval vessels.
  4. Odisha government on 3 September 2016 signed a long-term lease
    agreement with Falcon Marine Exports for
    the operation of Jagatjore Shrimp Culture Project
    in coastal Kendrapara district
    . Falcon Marine Exports was the highest
    bidder of the project.
  5. Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu on
    1 September 2016 launched an insurance scheme for passengers travelling on e- ticket.
    The insurance cover will be up to 10 lakh rupees. The insurance coverage will
    be available in case of train accidents and other untoward incidents, including
    terrorist attack, dacoity, rioting, shooting or arson.
  6. The government has approved
    projects worth about Rs 450 crore under ‘Swadesh Darshan’ scheme for five
    states
    , including poll-bound Uttar Pradesh.
  7. Gumthala Garhu near Pehowa on 3 September 2016 became the first Wifi hotspot village in
    Haryana
    circle under the bulk plan of BSNL for the state.
  8. The Odisha Government on 3 September 2016 launched the Biju Kanya
    Ratna Yojana (BKRY)
    in three districts of the state. The scheme was
    launched for the development of girls.
  9. Union Government on 3 September
    2016 approved the use of Pelargonic Acid Vanillyl Amide (PAVA) as an
    alternative to pellet guns for crowd control. Pellet guns will be used in the
    rarest of rare cases.
  10. The Guinness World Records on 1
    September 2016 declared Assam’s Majuli as the largest river island in the world.
    The island is located in the Brahmaputra River.
  11. The first BRICS Film Festival will kick
    started on 2 September 2016 at the Sirifort Auditorium Complex, New Delhi
    .
    Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore
    inaugurated the festival.
  12. Cardiologist K K Aggarwal was on 2 September
    2016 unanimously elected as the National President of the Indian Medical Association
    (IMA)
    for the year 2016-17.
  13. Religare Enterprises Limited (REL) on 5 September 2016 appointed Sunil
    Godhwani as its Chief Executive Officer (CEO).
  14. The Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) of Malappuram,
    Kerala was on 1 September 2016 conferred with the 2016 Unesco Confucius Prize
    for Literacy
    . The award was conferred on the JSS in recognition of
    its literacy-linked skill development activities among the underprivileged in
    rural areas.
  15. Indian ecologist and conservation
    activist Bibhuti
    Lahkar on 4 September 2016 became the first Asian to be awarded the prestigious
    Heritage Heroes Award
    by the
    International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
  16. Mother Teresa on 4 September 2016 was
    proclaimed a Saint by Pope Francis in a ceremony at the Vatican.
  17. Action movie star, writer,
    director and martial artist Jackie Chan will be given an honorary Academy (Oscar)
    Award
    for his extraordinary
    achievements in the movies.
  18. The International Day of Charity was on 5
    September 2016 observed
    .

Finance/Industry/Banking –
India-Vietnam inked 12 agreements to bolster bilateral relation

  • India and Vietnam on 3 September
    2016 signed twelve agreements to boost the bilateral relations between the two
    nations. The agreements were inked after delegation level talks between of
    Prime Minister of the two nations, Narendra Modi and Nguyen Xuan Phuc.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who
    is the first Indian premier to visit the country in 15 years, was on a two day
    visit (2-3 September 2016) to Vietnam. The last Prime Minister to visit Vietnam
    was Atal Bihari Vajpayee, who visited the nation in 2001.
The signed agreements include

  1. Framework agreement on
    cooperation in the exploration and uses of outer space for peaceful purposes
  2. Protocol for amending the
    agreement on avoiding double taxation
  3. Program of cooperation in UN
    Peacekeeping Matters
  4. Protocol on celebrating 2017 as
    the “Year of Friendship”
  5. MoU on health cooperation
  6. MoU on cooperation in information
    technology
  7. MoU on cooperation between the
    Vietnam academy of social sciences and the Indian council of world affairs
  8. MoU on cooperation in cyber
    security
  9. MoU for cooperation in the fields
    of standardization and conformity assessment
  10. MoU on establishment of the
    centre of excellence in software development and training
  11. Technical agreement on sharing of
    white shipping information
  12. Contract for offshore high-speed
    patrol boats
  • Apart from this, India also
    extended 500 million dollar Line of Credit (LoC) to Vietnam for facilitating
    deeper defence cooperation with the South East Asian nation. The LoC was
    extended as the two nations elevated their ties to a Comprehensive Strategic
    Partnership to respond to emerging regional challenges.
  • Till now, Vietnam had Strategic
    Partnership only with Russia and China.
India, Chile expand preferential trading pact to boost economic ties

  • India and Chile have expanded
    their Preferential Trade Agreement with both offering to lower or eliminate
    tariffs on a number of items traded with each other.
  • Chile has offered concessions to
    India on 1798 tariff lines with margin of preference (extent to which duties
    are lower than those offered to other countries) ranging from 30 per cent to100
    per cent.
  • India’s offer to Chile is on
    1,031 products with a margin of preference between 10 per cent and 100 per
    cent.
  • The agreement on the expansion of
    India–Chile Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) was signed in a meeting between
    Commerce Secretary Rita Teaotia and Chilean Ambassador to India Andrés Barbé
    González on Tuesday, an official release said.
India, Egypt sign agreement in area of Maritime Transport

  • India and Egypt on 2 September
    2016 signed an agreement on Maritime Transport. The agreemnt would help the two
    nations to step-up co-operation on the seas not only in terms of maritime
    commerce but also in transit of naval vessels.
  • The agreement was signed after
    delegation level talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and visiting
    President of Egypt Abdel Fattah El-Sisi in New Delhi. President Sisi is on a three-day
    visit (1-3 September 2016) to India at an invitation of President Pranab
    Mukherjee.
  • Earlier in October 2015, the
    Union Cabinet gave its approval for signing of an agreement between India and
    Egypt on Maritime Transport. It was decided that the agreement would be signed
    on a mutually convenient date and venue.
  • The proposal was approved with a
    view to strengthening cooperation and to render sustained mutual assistance and
    advice on merchant shipping and other related maritime matters.
LG Electronics Inc ties up with Amazon.com on smart-home services

  • South Korea’s LG Electronics Inc
    on 2 September 2016 tied-up with Amazon.com Inc on smart-home services.
  • This tie-up will help enabling
    the services of Amazon such as the Alexa virtual assistant on some of the
    electronics maker’s devices.
  • Alexa will work with its
    SmartThinkQ Hub, an LG device used to connect with home appliances over the
    internet.
  • It will allow users to control
    the South Korean firm’s home appliances via voice-recognition technology.
Odisha Government inks lease agreement on Jagatjore Shrimp Culture
Project

  • Odisha government on 3 September
    2016 signed a long-term lease agreement with Falcon Marine Exports for the
    operation of Jagatjore Shrimp Culture Project in coastal Kendrapara district.
    Falcon Marine Exports was the highest bidder of the project.
  • The lease period will be for 15
    years which, will fetch revenue of 13 crore rupees to the government.
  • The project was first implemented
    in 1992-93 in Mahakalpada Tahasil of Kendrapara District executed by the State
    Fisheries Department. It was executed with loan assistance from World Bank with
    a cost of 25.23 crore. It was completed in 2000.
  • Odisha took up the Shrimp culture
    in 2001, under which 81 lakh rupees was provided to the BPL beneficiaries as
    working capital. But, the project became defunct as only crop was partially
    successful.
  • The government decided to revive
    the project, which was lying idle for years on the suggestions from the Seafood
    Exporters Association. The association requested the government to use the
    developed infrastructure.
Railway launches insurance scheme for passengers travelling on e-ticket

  • Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu on
    1 September 2016 launched an insurance scheme for passengers travelling on e-
    ticket. The insurance cover will be up to 10 lakh rupees.
  • The insurance coverage will be
    available in case of train accidents and other untoward incidents, including
    terrorist attack, dacoity, rioting, shooting or arson.
Features of the Scheme

  • A person booking a train ticket
    through the IRCTC website will be eligible for the travel insurance and it is
    optional.
  • To avail the facility, train
    passengers will have to pay 92 paisa premium.
  • The insurance cover will not be
    applicable for children up to 5 years of age and foreign citizens.
  • The facility will be available
    only for confirmed and RAC ticket passengers.
  • There will be no refund of the
    premium in case of ticket cancellation.
  • The scheme offers travellers or
    nominees a compensation of 10 lakh Rupees in the event of death or total
    disabilty, 7.5 lakh Rupees for partial disability, up to 2 lakh Rupees for
    hospitalisation expenses and 10000 rupees for transportation of mortal remains
    from the place of a train accident.
  • The compensation claim has to be
    made within four months of the incident and the insurance company is required
    to process the claim within 15 days of receipt of the require documents.
  • Shriram General Insurance
    Company, ICICI Lombard and Royal Sundaram General Insurance have been roped in
    by Indian railways for providing the insurance cover.
India –
‘Swadesh Darshan’ projects worth Rs 450 crore get govt nod

  • The government has approved
    projects worth about Rs 450 crore under ‘Swadesh Darshan’ scheme for five
    states, including poll-bound Uttar Pradesh.
  • The scheme was launched with an
    objective to develop 13 theme-based tourist circuits in the country and the
    approval for five was given in a meeting of the central sanctioning and
    monitoring committee (CSMC) on Monday.
  • ‘Ramayana circuit’ in Uttar
    Pradesh with a project cost of Rs 70 crore was approved, while ‘heritage
    circuits’ in Madhya Pradesh and Uttarakhand with costs of Rs 100 crore and Rs
    83 crore, respectively, were also sanctioned, he said.
  • ‘Coastal circuit’ in Tamil Nadu
    with a cost of about Rs 100 crore and envisages development of
    Chennai-Mamamallapuram- Rameshwaram-Manpadu-Kanyakumari.
  • The ‘heritage circuit’ in Madhya
    Pradesh, which covers Gwalior-Orchha-Khajuraho-Chanderi-Bhimbetka-Mandu with a
    total project cost of about Rs 100 crore, envisages infrastructural development
    of the sites, the official said.
  • The ‘North East circuit’, with
    cost of Rs 95.50 crore, in Sikkim was given the green signal and it includes
    development of eco log huts, cultural centre, paragliding centre, craft bazaar,
    base camp for mountaineering and meditation hall, he added.
  • Under ‘Swadesh Darshan’, 13
    thematic circuits have been identified for development, namely North-East India
    Circuit, Buddhist Circuit, Himalayan Circuit, Coastal Circuit, Krishna Circuit,
    Desert Circuit, Tribal Circuit, Eco Circuit, Wildlife Circuit, Rural Circuit,
    Spiritual Circuit, Ramayana Circuit and Heritage Circuit.
Gumthala Garhu becomes first Wifi hotspot village in Haryana

  • Gumthala Garhu near Pehowa on 3
    September 2016 became the first Wifi hotspot village in Haryana circle under
    the bulk plan of BSNL for the state.
  • The service was inaugurated by
    state Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar from Chandigarh.
  • Gumthala Garhu is located on
    Ambala-Kaithal-Hisar road and has a population of 11000.
  • The BSNL Haryana circle plans to
    have 238 Wifi hotspot locations with 1072 access points in the state. The
    project will be implemented to its full capacity during the current financial
    year.
  • Key highlights
  • The Wifi hotspot facility at the
    village uses bandwidth of 10 mbps through BSNL’s state-of-the-art network.
  • Ten outdoor and one indoor access
    points have been installed to cover the village.
  • The coverage from each access
    point is about 100 meters.
Odisha Government launches Biju Kanya Ratna Yojana

  • The Odisha Government on 3
    September 2016 launched the Biju Kanya Ratna Yojana (BKRY) in three districts
    of the state.
  • The scheme was launched for the
    development of girls.
  • The scheme will be implemented
    for three years in Ganjam, Dhenkanal and Angul districts on a pilot basis.
  • The objective of the Biju Kanya
    Ratna Yojana is to improve Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) and Child Sex Ratio (CSR)
    in the three districts.
  • The CSR has declined from 967 in
    the 1991 census to 941 in the 2011 census in Nayagarh, Dhenkanal, Angul and
    Ganjam districts. However, Nayagarh is covered under Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
    scheme.
Key highlights of the Biju Kanya Ratna Yojana

  • The BKRY will ensure enrolment of
    girls in elementary education.
  • It will track dropout girls from
    schools and create a better environment for them.
  • The scheme will create awareness
    on gender discrimination against girls, their health, nutrition and education.
Union Government approves use of chilli-based PAVA shells as
alternative to pellet guns

  • Union Government on 3 September
    2016 approved the use of Pelargonic Acid Vanillyl Amide (PAVA) as an
    alternative to pellet guns for crowd control. Pellet guns will be used in the
    rarest of rare cases.
  • Pelargonic Acid Vanillyl Amide
    (PAVA) also called Nonivamide is chilli-based ammunition that is less lethal
    and immobilises the target temporarily. The shells actually contain an organic
    compound found in natural chilli.
  • The PAVA shells were under trial
    for over a year at the Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, a Council of
    Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) laboratory in Lucknow.
Guinness World Records declare Majuli as the largest river island

  • The Guinness World Records on 1
    September 2016 declared Assam’s Majuli as the largest river island in the
    world.
  • The island is located in the
    Brahmaputra River.
  • As per the Guinness World
    Records, the island lost around one-third of its area in the last 30-40 years
    due to frequent flooding of the river.
  • Majuli had a total area of 1250
    square kilometres at the beginning of the 20th century. However, it had lost
    significantly to erosion.
  • It had an area of only 352 square
    kilometres in 2014.
Army Design Bureau formed to reduce dependence on imports

  • Indian Army on 30 August 2016
    announced establishment of the Army Design Bureau (ADB) to indigenise procurements
    and reduce import dependence.
  • The ADDB will facilitate the
    weapons and technology building efforts between the Defence Research &
    Development Organisation (DRDO), industry and the army.
  • Establishment of ADB was
    announced by Army Chief General Dalbir Singh at an Army seminar on Make in
    India. At the seminar, the Army Chief also launched the ‘Make in India Army
    Website’ that will serve as a one stop platform for information to vendors.
  • It was developed with an idea to
    bring together academic institutions and the industry to develop indigenous
    knowhow and for this the Army is open to sharing parts of its long-term plans.
  • The ADB will integrate various
    stake holders in its long-term requirements and will be a single point contact
    for them.
TVSN Prasad Committee submitted its report on use of Pellet Guns

  • TVSN Prasad committee constituted
    to look into the alternatives to pellet guns submitted its report to Home
    Secretary Rajiv Mehrishi on 30 August 2016.
  • As per reports, the committee was
    not in favour of completely removal of the pellet guns in the Kashmir Valley
    but suggests that it should be replaced with polymer, rubber and paper bullets.
  • TVSN Prasad committee formed for
    exploring possible alternatives to Pellet Guns
Recommendations as Reported

  • It suggests that the pellet guns
    should be used in rarest of rare cases.
  • It suggests for use of other
    non-lethal weapons, like chilli grenade shells, for crowd control.
  • It asks for use of Pelargonic
    Acid Vanillyl Amide (PAVA) also called Nonivamide and other non-lethal
    ammunition like ‘stun lac cells’.
  • It calls for use of Long Range
    Acoustic Device (LARD), which create deafening noise to paralyse people, in
    rural areas as it could prove dangerous for old buildings in downtown Srinagar.
First BRICS Film Festival begins in New Delhi

  • The first BRICS Film Festival
    will kick started on 2 September 2016 at the Sirifort Auditorium Complex, New
    Delhi. Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting Rajyavardhan Singh
    Rathore inaugurated the festival.
  • The five-day festival aims at
    providing a platform for people of the film industry of member countries to
    explore areas of cooperation in the domain of cinema, culture and cuisine.
  • Key highlights of the BRICS Film
    Festival
  • The idea of BRICS film festival
    has been conceived to build bridges and bring harmony amongst the BRICS
    countries, i.e., Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.
  • The opening film for the festival
    will be the world premiere of the Malayalam movie, Veeram.
  • The closing film will be the
    Chinese movie, Skiptrace, starring Jackie Chan directed by Renny Harlin.
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Appointments –
K K Aggarwal elected as National President of IMA

  • Cardiologist K K Aggarwal was on
    2 September 2016 unanimously elected as the National President of the Indian
    Medical Association (IMA) for the year 2016-17. Aggarwal is currently the
    Secretary General of the IMA.
  • Moreover, the association also
    elected Dr Ravi Wankhedkar from Maharashtra as the National President for the
    year 2017-18 and Dr R N Tandon as Honorary Secretary General.
  • All these appointments will be
    effective from 28 December 2016.
Religare Enterprises appoints Sunil Godhwani as CEO

  • Religare Enterprises Limited
    (REL) on 5 September 2016 appointed Sunil Godhwani as its Chief Executive
    Officer (CEO).
  • Godhwani is appointed the Whole
    Time Director and CEO for the remaining period of his tenure.
Chennamaneni Vidyasagar Rao sworn in as acting Governor of Tamil Nadu

  • Chennamaneni Vidyasagar Rao,
    Governor of Maharashtra, was sworn in as the acting Governor of Tamil Nadu on 2
    September 2016 as the tenure of K. Rosaiah ended on 31 August 2016.
  • Rao was administered oath of
    office by the Madras High Court’s Chief Justice Sanjay Kishan Kaul at the Raj
    Bhavan, Chennai.
  • Chennamaneni Vidyasagar Rao is
    the present Governor of Maharashtra.
Mukund Choudhari assumes charge as CMD of MOIL

  • Mukund Chaudhari on 1 September
    2016 took over as Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of MOIL Ltd, a miniratna
    company.
  • Prior to taking over as CMD,
    Chaudhari served as the Director (Finance) of MOIL.
  • MOIL Limited is a miniratna
    state-owned manganese-ore mining company headquartered in Nagpur, India.
Awards & Honors –
Jan Shikshan Sansthan conferred with 2016 UNESCO Confucius Prize for
Literacy

  • The Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS)
    of Malappuram, Kerala was on 1 September 2016 conferred with the 2016 Unesco
    Confucius Prize for Literacy. The award was conferred on the JSS in recognition
    of its literacy-linked skill development activities among the underprivileged
    in rural areas.
  • The JSS bagged the prestigious
    international award for its initiatives in applying new technology in literacy.
    Innovations such as Braille applications and the Talking Pen used by the JSS
    impressed UNESCO.
  • The award sponsored by China
    consists of 20000 US dollars, a diploma, and a silver medal. Moreover, a JSS
    team will be given a free study tour to China.
Indian conservationist Bibhuti Lahkar wins Heritage Heroes Award of
IUCN

  • Indian ecologist and conservation
    activist Bibhuti Lahkar on 4 September 2016 became the first Asian to be awarded
    the prestigious Heritage Heroes Award by the International Union for
    Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
  • Lahkar received the award at the
    IUCN’s World Conservation Congress in Honolulu, Hawaii.
  • The Indian ecologist was among
    five conservationists across the globe to be nominated for 2016 Heritage Heroes
    Award.
  • The Heritage Heroes Award is
    aimed at recognising outstanding efforts around the globe in making a
    difference in the conservation of World Heritage sites in challenging
    situations.
Mother Teresa canonised as Saint by Pope Francis at Vatican

  • Mother Teresa on 4 September 2016
    was proclaimed a Saint by Pope Francis in a ceremony at the Vatican.
  • Thousands of pilgrims attended
    the canonisation of Mother Teresa in St Peter’s Square.
  • During the ceremony, Pope Francis
    announced “We declare and define Blessed Teresa of Calcutta to be a saint and
    we enrol her among the saints, decreeing that she is to be venerated as such by
    the whole Church.”
  • With this, Mother Teresa became
    the fourth Indian to be made saint. Those who received the honour before her
    include Father Kuriakose Elias Chavara, Sister Euphrasia and Sister Alphonsa.
    Saint Gonsalo Garcia, though of Portuguese parentage, was born in India, and is
    considered an India born saint.
Jackie Chan to be given honorary Oscar

  • Action movie star, writer,
    director and martial artist Jackie Chan will be given an honorary Academy
    (Oscar) Award for his extraordinary achievements in the movies.
  • Chan will receive an honorary
    Oscar statuette at the Academy’s 8th Annual Governors Awards to be held on 12
    November 2016.
  • The Board of Governors of the
    Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Science recently voted to present the award
    to Chan, British editor Anne V Coates, casting director Lynn Stalmaster and
    documentary maker Frederick Wiseman.
  • Academy President Cheryl Boone
    Isaacs described the four as true pioneers and legends in their crafts.
Sports –
Sikki, Pranaav clinched Brazil Open Grand Prix title

  • India’s mixed doubles pair of
    Pranaav Jerry Chopra and N Sikki Reddy on 5 September 2016 won the 2016 Brazil
    Open Grand Prix. It was their maiden Grand Prix title.
  • In the final clash, the top
    seeded Indian pair, ranked World no. 65, defeated Canadian combo of Toby Ng and
    Rachel Honderich 21-15, 21-16 in straight games at Costa Cavalcante.
  • The 23-year-old Sikky won as many
    as five international challenger titles in 2015, which includes two mixed
    doubles and three women’s doubles crowns. She was also a part of the bronze
    medal winning Indian team at the 2014 and 2016 Uber Cup. So far, she played
    mixed doubles with six different partners, including V Diju, Alwin Francis,
    Tarun Kona, Manu Attri and K Nandagopal.
World –
2016 G20 Summit concludes in Hangzhou, China

  • The 2016 G20 Summit was held for
    two days on 4 September and 5 September 2016 at the Hangzhou International
    Exhibition Centre, Hangzhou, China.
  • The theme of 2016 G20 Summit was
    Toward an Innovative, Invigorated, Interconnected and Inclusive World Economy.
  • It was the first ever G20 summit
    to be hosted in China and the second Asian country to host the Summit. Before
    China, Seoul, South Korea, hosted the 2010 G20 Summit.
  • It was the 11th summit since the
    inception of G20 in 1999.The summit was attended by all the leaders of the G20
    including Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • The chair of the summit was Xi
    Jinping, President of China.
  • Key highlights of the summit
  • On 3 September 2016, Barack Obama
    and Xi Jinping announced the ratification of the Paris Agreement of the 2015
    United Nations Climate Change Conference by their countries. The United States
    and China represent respectively 18 percent and 20 percent of global carbon
    dioxide emissions.
  • The world leaders endorsed free
    trade and a crowded agenda that included the Koreas, Syria and refugees.
  • The 2017 G20 Summit will be held
    in Hamburg, Germany, under the leadership of Angela Merkel.
Microsoft, Google and Salesforce adopt EU-US Privacy Shield framework

  • American tech giants Microsoft,
    Google and Salesforce on 3 September 2016 officially adopted the EU-US Privacy
    Shield framework. This will enable them to receive personal data from the
    European Union (EU) in compliance with the new standards.
  • They are now among the 103
    companies out of the 5526 signatories to replace the defunct Safe Harbour
    framework.
  • Facebook, Apple and Twitter are yet
    to adopt Privacy Shield Framework.
Newly discovered fish of genus Tosanoides named after Barack Obama

  • A newly discovered fish of the
    genus Tosanoides was in September 2016 named in honour of US president Barack
    Obama for his commitment to protect nature through the expansion of the
    Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument.
  • The fish is found only within the
    Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument, a World Heritage site encompassing
    1510000 square kilometres of ocean waters, including ten islands and atolls of
    the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.
  • The site is the largest swath of
    protected land or water on Earth and is home to millions of seabirds,
    endangered turtles, endangered monk seals, and more than 7000 species.
World Health Organisation certifies Sri Lanka malaria-free

  • The World Health Organisation on
    5 September 2016 certified Sri Lanka a malaria-free nation.
  • Sri Lanka is the second country
    in the WHO South-East Asia Region to eliminate malaria after Maldives.
  • Sri Lanka’s anti-malaria campaign
    adjusted its strategy to intensively target the parasite after the malaria
    cases jumped in the 1970s and the 1980s and the 1990s. The change in strategy
    was unorthodox, but highly effective.
IUCN lists Eastern Gorilla as Critically Endangered

  • The International Union for
    Conservation of Nature (IUCN) on 4 September 2016 listed the eastern gorilla,
    the largest living primate, as critically endangered in its latest red list of
    threatened species.
  • The eastern gorilla was listed in
    the latest update of The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species that was released
    at the IUCN World Conservation Congress taking place in Hawaii.
  • The IUCN stated that the eastern
    gorilla has suffered a 70% population collapse over the past 20 years,
    primarily due to illegal hunting.
  • The largest living primate’s
    population is now estimated to be fewer than 5000. Grauer’s Gorilla, one
    subspecies of Eastern Gorilla, has lost 77% of its population since 1994,
    declining from 16900 individuals to just 3800 in 2015. Hunting represents the
    greatest threat to Grauer’s Gorillas.
  • The second subspecies of Eastern
    Gorilla, the Mountain Gorilla, is faring better and has increased in number to
    around 880 individuals.
Days –
International Day of Charity observed globally

  • The International Day of Charity
    was on 5 September 2016 observed globally with an aim to recognise the role of
    charity in alleviating human ‎suffering within and among nations, as well as of
    the efforts of charitable organizations ‎and individuals including the work of
    Mother Teresa. 
  • The  day was first celebrated in 2013.
Obituaries –
Noted Assamese poet Nalinidhar Bhattacharyya dies

  • Noted Assamese poet, literary
    critic and author Nalinidhar Bhattacharyya passed away on 2 September 2016 in
    Guwahati following age-old ailments. He was 95.
  • He was a former principal of Arya
    Vidyapeeth College, Guwahati.
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