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Current Affairs Today – 30th September 2020

NEWS AT A GLANCE

  1. World deaf day or the international day of sign languages is celebrated every year on the last Sunday of September as a part of International Week of the Deaf.
  2. In 2020, the world is observing the first edition of the International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste to promote and implement global efforts to resolve the issue of food wastage.
  3. Every year, the International Translation Day is marked on 30 September.
  4. Private lender HDFC Bank launched India’s first Warehouse Commodity Finance App.
  5. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has eased the norms for Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) and Infrastructure Investment Trusts (InvITs) for preferential and institutional placement of their respective units.
  6. Union MoS for Home G Kishan Reddy and Minister of Municipal Administration and Urban Development KT Rama Rao inaugurated the World’s longest span concrete deck extra-dosed cable-stayed bridge at Durgam Cheruvu of Hyderabad.
  7. Union Home Ministry has sanctioned three new NIA branches at Imphal, Chennai and Ranchi
  8. The Government of India has enacted three Acts with an objective to revamp agriculture sector in the country and increase farmer’s income.
  9. Indian Railways has launched its User Depot Module (UDM) that is developed by Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS) which designs and develops most of the important information systems of Indian Railways.
  10. Maharashtra Minister Uday Samant announced that a world-class government music college will be set up in the name of renowned musician the late Deenanath Mangeshkar.
  11. The Amnesty International India has stopped its operations in in the country, after the government of India froze the bank accounts of the organisation on September 10, for allegedly breaking rules on foreign funding laws.
  12. The World Health Organization (WHO) which is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health announced its plan to roll out 120 million rapid-diagnostic tests for the COVID19 with its partner countries.
  13. National Webinar will be organised by a National Institute of Naturopathy (NIN), Pune, is an premier institute comes under Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India.
  14. The Reliance Industries’ Chairman, and Asia’s richest man Mukesh Ambani has topped the IIFL Wealth Hurun India Rich List 2020 for the ninth consecutive year.
  15. The Prime Minister of India,Narendra Modi and the Prime Minister of Denmark, Mette Frederiksen participated in a virtual India-Denmark Bilateral Summit on 28 September 2020.
  16. Power Finance Corporation Ltd (PFC) has signed a performance-based Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Ministry of Power, Government of India detailing various targets to be achieved by PFC during Fiscal Year 2020-21.
  17. Government has signed a Memorandum of Understanding -MoU with Denmark in the water sector.
  18. Flipkart has announced a partnership with Bajaj Allianz General Insurance Company to offer ‘Digital Suraksha Group Insurance’ for customers in the country.
  19. The veteran actor Sonu Sood has been conferred the prestigious SDG Special Humanitarian Action Award by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on 28 September 2020 during a virtual ceremony.
  20. ITBP Director General, S S Deswal has been given the additional charge of counter-terrorism force National Security Guard (NSG) as its incumbent chief A K Singh is going to retire on September 30.
  21. Twitter which is an American micro blogging and social networking service has appointed Former IBM executive Rinki Sethi appointed as Chief Information Security Officer.
  22. Noted Filmmaker Shekhar Kapur has been named as the President of Film and Television Institute of India, FTII Society and Chairman of Governing Council of FTII.
  23. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh launched the Defence India Startup Challenge (DISC 4) during the iDEX event, featuring the initiatives aimed at expanding the horizons of Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) ecosystem in New Delhi.
  24. The chief minister of Telangana K Chandrasekhar Rao will launch a web portal named “Dharani” for integrated land record management on October 26, 2020 i.e. on the festive occasion of Dussehra.
  25. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh has launched a book titled ‘A bouquet of flowers’ written by Dr. Krishna Saksena.
  26. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Science & Technology and Earth Sciences and Shri Santosh Kumar Gangwar, Union Minister of State (Independent Charge), Labour & Employment released a booklet on ‘COVID-19- Safe Workplace Guidelines for Industry’ through virtual platform.
  27. Syeda Anwara Taimur, the only woman Chief Minister in the history of Assam, has passed away after a prolonged illness. She was 84.
  28. Veteran songwriter Abhilash, who is best known for the song ‘Itni Shakti Hame Dena Daata’ from the 1986 film Ankush, has passed away.
  29. Serum Institute of India said it has secured another $150 million from Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, for manufacturing and delivery of another 100 million doses of safe and effective covid-19 vaccines for India and other low- and middle-income countries.
  30. The ASTROSAT was the first multi-wavelength satellite launched by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

NEWS IN DETAILS

IMPORTANT DAYS AND THEMES

World Deaf Day observed on last Sunday of September

  • World deaf day or the international day of sign languages is celebrated every year on the last Sunday of September as a part of International Week of the Deaf.
  • This year World deaf day is observed on 27th September.
  • The purpose of International Day of the Deaf to promote better and healthy life, respectability, self-esteem, education and work for the deaf.
  • The theme of the 2020 International Week of the Deaf is “Reaffirming Deaf People’s Human Rights”

International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste observed on 29 September

  • In 2020, the world is observing the first edition of the International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste to promote and implement global efforts to resolve the issue of food wastage.
  • The United Nations General Assembly designated 29 September as International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste in 2019.
  • The theme for 2020 is Stop food loss and waste. For the people. For the planet.
  • The main objective of this day is to take steps towards responsible consumption and production as well as zero hunger, along with working towards addressing the problem of climate change through sustainable food habits.

International Translation Day observed on 30 September

  • Every year, the International Translation Day is marked on 30 September.
  • The International Federation of Translators (FIT) organise the day ever since it was set up in 1953.
  • The day aims to celebrate the work of language translation professionals which facilitates dialogue, understanding and cooperation, contributing to development and strengthening world peace and security.
  • 2020 Theme: Finding the words for a world in crisis.
  • The day also marks the feast of St. Jerome, the Bible translator who is considered the patron saint of translators.
  • The first official celebration of ITD was held in 1991.

BANKING & FINANCE 

HDFC Bank Launches India’s first Warehouse Commodity Finance App

  • Private lender HDFC Bank launched India’s first Warehouse Commodity Finance App.
  • This app will enable customers in managing the loan against pledge of commodities online without any physical intervention or visits to Bank branch.
  • This in turn will enhance efficiencies for the Agri value chain.

Extra Shots:

HDFC Bank

  • CEO: Aditya Puri
  • Headquarters: Mumbai
  • Founded: August 1994, India

BUSINESS & ECONOMY

SEBI allows REITs, InvITs to raise fund in institutional placement after 2 weeks of previous placement

  • The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has eased the norms for Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) and Infrastructure Investment Trusts (InvITs) for preferential and institutional placement of their respective units.
  • SEBI has allowed Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) and Infrastructure Investment Trusts (InvITs) to raise equity capital through the institutional placement route two weeks after a previous such exercise.
  • Earlier the allowed time gap was six months between two institutional placements.

Extra Shots:

SEBI

  • Founded: 12 April 1992
  • Headquarters: Mumbai
  • Chairperson: Ajay Tyagi

NATIONAL CURRENT AFFAIRS

World’s longest span concrete deck extra-dosed cable stayed bridge inaugurated in Hyderabad

  • Union MoS for Home G Kishan Reddy and Minister of Municipal Administration and Urban Development KT Rama Rao inaugurated the World’s longest span concrete deck extra-dosed cable-stayed bridge at Durgam Cheruvu of Hyderabad.
  • The bridge was constructed at the cost of Rs 184 crore and it was built by Larsen & Toubro.
  • The cable-stayed bridge portion is 435 m long, including the approaches at both ends, 25.8 m wide with a total of 52 stay cables.

Home Ministry sanctions three new NIA branches at Imphal, Chennai, Ranchi

  • Union Home Ministry has sanctioned three new NIA branches at Imphal, Chennai and Ranchi
  • The opening of new branches will help in ensuring quick response to any emergent situation in the concerned states by the premier anti-terror investigation agency.
  • Currently, the NIA has nine branches besides specialized units at Headquarters, New Delhi.

Extra Shots:

NIA

  • Agency executive: Y. C. Modi, IPS, Director General
  • Elected officer responsible: Amit Shah, Minister of Home Affairs
  • General nature: Federal law enforcement
  • Founder: Radha Vinod Raju
  • Founded: 2009
  • Governing body: Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India

GoI enacted three Acts to revamp agriculture sector & increase farmer’s revenue

  • The Government of India has enacted three Acts with an objective to revamp agriculture sector in the country and increase farmer’s income.
  • Additionally, President Ram Nath Kovind gave assent to Jammu & Kashmir Official Languages Bill, 2020.

The Three acts are:

  • Farmer’s Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020
  • The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020
  • The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act 2020

Extra Shots:

Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare

  • Union Minister: Narendra Singh Tomar

Indian Railway’s launches New User Depot Model – To be implemented across all Zones of Indian Railways

  • Indian Railways has launched its User Depot Module (UDM) that is developed by Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS) which designs and develops most of the important information systems of Indian Railways.
  • The UDM digitally launched across all user depots of Western Railway.
  • This will ensure digitization of complete supply chain, including user depots.

Extra Shots:

CRIS

  • Headquarters: New Delhi
  • Founder: Ministry of Railways
  • Founded: July 1986

STATE CURRENT AFFAIRS

Maharashtra Govt to Set up Music College in Name of Lata Mangeshkar’s Father

  • Maharashtra Minister Uday Samant announced that a world-class government music college will be set up in the name of renowned musician the late Deenanath Mangeshkar.
  • He made the announcement on the occasion of legendary singer Lata Mangeshkar’s birthday and termed it as a gift to her by the Maha Vikas Aghadi (MVA) government.

Extra Shots:

Maharashtra:

  • Capital: Mumbai
  • Chief Minister: Uddhav Thackeray
  • Governor: Bhagat Singh Koshyari
  • National Parks: Chandoli National Park, Nawegaon National Park, Gugamal National Park, Pench National Park, Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park, Tadoba National Park
  • Wildlife Sanctuaries: Amba Barwa WLS, Bor WLS, Great Indian Bustard WLS, Lonar WLS, Melghat WLS, Gangewadi New Great Indian Bustard WLS, etc.

INTERNATIONAL CURRENT AFFAIRS

Amnesty International halts India operations after government freezes bank accounts

  • The Amnesty International India has stopped its operations in the country, after the government of India froze the bank accounts of the organisation on September 10, for allegedly breaking rules on foreign funding laws.
  • The organization has laid off more than 100 staff members and ceased its human rights campaigns and research work in India.
  • As per the Government of India, Amnesty International has been receiving foreign funds, which the government has prohibited under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA) 2010.

Extra Shots:

Amnesty International India was a country unit of the Amnesty International network, and was part of a global movement promoting and defending human rights and dignity.

  • Founded: 5 September 2019

WHO announce its plan to roll out 120 million rapid-diagnostic tests for the COVID19

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) which is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health announced its plan to roll out 120 million rapid-diagnostic tests for the COVID19 with its partner countries.
  • To help lower and middle-income countries make up ground in a testing gap with richer countries.

Extra Shots:

WHO

  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
  • Founded: 7 April 1948

SUMMITS AND CONFERENCES

Webinars on Naturopathy to be conducted on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti

  • National Webinar will be organised by a National Institute of Naturopathy (NIN), Pune, is a premier institute comes under Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India.
  • The theme of the webinar is Gandhian philosophy of Self Reliance through Self Health Reliance on Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th birth anniversary celebrations from 2nd Oct 2020 and which will go on till National Naturopathy Day which is on 18th Nov 2020.
  • The aim of the program is to create awareness on Naturopathy practices with demonstrations.

Extra Shots:

Ayush Ministry

  • Union Minister: Shripad Yesso Naik

RANKS AND INDICES

Mukesh Ambani tops Hurun India Rich List for ninth consecutive year

  • The Reliance Industries’ Chairman, and Asia’s richest man Mukesh Ambani has topped the IIFL Wealth Hurun India Rich List 2020 for the ninth consecutive year.
  • He has a total net worth of Rs 6,58,400 crore.
  • London-based Hinduja brothers (SP Hinduja, along with his three brothers) is at second position with combined net worth of Rs 1,43,700 crore followed by HCL’s Shiv Nadar at third spot with net worth of Rs 1,41,700 crore.
  • The Hurun India Rich list 2020 names the richest individuals in the country with a wealth of Rs 1,000 crore or more as on August 31, 2020.
  • In the 2020 edition, the list had 828 Indians.
  • The cumulative value of the 828 individuals on the list stood at $821 billion (Rs 60,59,500 crore), an increase of $140 billion (Rs 10,29,400 cr) over the 2019 count.

AGREEMENTS AND MOU SIGNED

India-Denmark Virtual Bilateral Summit calls for ‘Green Strategic Partnership’

  • The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi and the Prime Minister of Denmark, Mette Frederiksen participated in a virtual India-Denmark Bilateral Summit on 28 September 2020.
  • The summit aimed at further extending cooperation to strengthen bilateral relationship between the two countries.
  • During the Summit, the two countries agreed for the establishment of ‘Green Strategic Partnership’, which would involve: political cooperation, expand economic relations and green growth, create jobs and strengthen cooperation on addressing global challenges and opportunities
  • Ambitious implementation of the Paris Agreement and the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
  • The summit saw signing of an MoU in the field of intellectual property cooperation between the two countries.
  • Apart from this, Denmark also joined the International Solar Alliance (ISA).
  • Denmark has also proposed to host the second India-Nordic Summit.
  • A joint statement was issued under which the two sides agreed to cooperate in a range of sectors like energy, climate change, environment, water, circular economy, sustainable urban development, trade, shipping, food, agriculture and life sciences.

Extra Shots:

Denmark (Capital/Currency): Copenhagen/ Danish krone

  • Prime Minister: Mette Frederiksen

PFC signs MoU with Govt. of India detailing targets for FY 2020-21

  • Power Finance Corporation Ltd (PFC) has signed a performance-based Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Ministry of Power, Government of India detailing various targets to be achieved by PFC during Fiscal Year 2020-21.
  • Government of India has set an ambitious revenue target of Rs. 36,000 Crores.

Extra Shots:

Ministry of Power

  • Union Minister: Raj Kumar Singh

Gujarat govt signs MoU with Denmark in water sector

  • Government has signed a Memorandum of Understanding -MoU with Denmark in the water sector.
  • The state government arm Gujarat Water Supply and Sewerage Board has signed the MoU with ‘Danish Water Forum’ through an online interactive platform.
  • This will help in technology exchange, training, capacity building, knowledge exchange, cooperation in water supply, wastewater treatment- reuse and water management between the two organizations.

Extra Shots:

Gujarat:

  • Capital: Gandhinagar
  • Chief Minister: Vijay Rupani
  • Governor: Acharya Devvrat
  • State formed on: 1 May 1960
  • Literacy Rate: 79.31%
  • National Park: Vansda NP, Blackbuck NP, Gir Forest NP,  Marine NP, Gulf of Kutch

Flipkart partners with Bajaj Allianz to offer cyber fraud insurance

  • Flipkart has announced a partnership with Bajaj Allianz General Insurance Company to offer ‘Digital Suraksha Group Insurance’ for customers in the country.
  • The “Digital Suraksha Group Insurance” policy will cover financial losses caused by various kinds of online frauds and cyber-attacks that might occur during digital transactions.
  • The customers can choose for a one-year cover at premiums as low as Rs 183 for a cover of Rs 50,000, Rs 312 for Rs 1 lakh, and Rs 561 for Rs 2 lakh for a 12-months tenure, with covers also extending up to Rs 10 lakh.
  • The policy can be availed while buying certain models of mobiles, laptops, tablets, and audio devices on Flipkart.

Extra Shots:

Flipkart

  • Founded: October 2007, Bengaluru
  • CEO: Kalyan Krishnamurthy
  • Founders: Sachin Bansal, Binny Bansal
  • Parent organization: Walmart

Bajaj Allianz General Insurance

  • CEO: Tapan Singhel
  • Headquarters: Pune

NATIONAL & INTERNATIONAL  AWARDS

Sonu Sood honoured with SDA Special Humanitarian Action Award by UNDP

  • The veteran actor Sonu Sood has been conferred the prestigious SDG Special Humanitarian Action Award by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on 28 September 2020 during a virtual ceremony.
  • The actor has been awarded for selflessly extending a helping hand and sending home lakhs of migrants, helping thousands of stranded students across geographies abroad, providing free education and medical facilities to young children and creating free employment opportunities to the needy in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic.
  • With this honour, Sonu Sood joins the likes of Angelina Jolie, David Beckham, Leonardo DiCaprio, Emma Watson, Liam Neeson, Cate Blanchett, Antonio Banderas, Nicole Kidman and Priyanka Chopra who have been similarly honoured by different UN bodies.

Extra Shots:

UNDP

  • Headquarters: New York, New York, United States
  • Founded: 22 November 1965, United States
  • Head: Achim Steiner
  • Parent organization: United Nations Economic and Social Council

APPOINTMENTS IN NEWS

ITBP chief S S Deswal given additional charge of NSG DG

  • ITBP Director General, S S Deswal has been given the additional charge of counter-terrorism force National Security Guard (NSG) as its incumbent chief A K Singh is going to retire on September 30.
  • This is the second time that Deswal, a 1984-batch Indian Police Service officer, has been directed to lead the NSG in an additional capacity.

Extra Shots:

ITBP

  • Headquarters: New Delhi, India
  • Founder: Government of India
  • Founded: 24 October 1962

Former IBM executive Rinki Sethi appointed as Chief Information Security Officer of Twitter

  • Twitter which is an American micro blogging and social networking service has appointed Former IBM executive Rinki Sethi appointed as Chief Information Security Officer.
  • Prior to this appointment Sethi who worked at IBM as Vice President, Information Security.
  • For almost six years, Rinki has served on the advisory council for SecureWorld, one of North America’s most vital cybersecurity conferences.

Extra Shots:

Twitter:

  • CEO: Jack Dorsey
  • Headquarters: San Francisco, California, US

Noted filmmaker Shekhar Kapur appointed president of FTII Society & chairman of FTII Governing Council

  • Noted Filmmaker Shekhar Kapur has been named as the President of Film and Television Institute of India, FTII Society and Chairman of Governing Council of FTII.
  • He has a vast experience, will add more value to the Institute.

Extra Shots:

FTII

  • Director‎: ‎Bhupendra Kainthola
  • Location‎: ‎Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • President‎: ‎ P. Singh

DEFENCE CURRENT AFFAIRS

Rajnath Singh launches Defence India Startup Challenge-4

  • Defence Minister Rajnath Singh launched the Defence India Startup Challenge (DISC 4) during the iDEX event, featuring the initiatives aimed at expanding the horizons of Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) ecosystem in New Delhi.
  • Mr Singh also launched the iDEX4Fauji initiative and Product Management Approach (PMA) guidelines during the event.
  • iDEX4Fauji is a first of its kind initiative, launched to support innovations identified by members of the Indian Armed Forces and will bolster frugal innovation ideas from soldiers and field formations.

Extra Shots:

Ministry of Defence

  • Union Minister of Defence: Rajnath Singh

WEBPORTALS & APPS IN NEWS

Telangana govt to launch portal Dharani for integrated land record management

  • The chief minister of Telangana K Chandrasekhar Rao will launch a web portal named “Dharani” for integrated land record management on October 26, 2020 i.e. on the festive occasion of Dussehra.
  • The registration on the portal will begin on the same day i.e. October 26, 2020.

BOOKS & AUTHORS

‘A bouquet of flowers’ authored by Dr. Krishna Saksena launched by Rajnath Singh

  • Defence Minister Rajnath Singh has launched a book titled ‘A bouquet of flowers’ written by Dr. Krishna Saksena.
  • Krishna Saksena is the first lady to get a PhD, in 1955 from Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Santosh Kumar Gangwar release booklet on ‘COVID-19- Safe Workplace Guidelines for Industry’

  • Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Science & Technology and Earth Sciences and Shri Santosh Kumar Gangwar, Union Minister of State (Independent Charge), Labour & Employment released a booklet on ‘COVID-19- Safe Workplace Guidelines for Industry’ through virtual platform.

OBITUARY

Assam’s only woman CM Syeda Anwara Taimur passes away at 84

  • Syeda Anwara Taimur, the only woman Chief Minister in the history of Assam, has passed away after a prolonged illness. She was 84.
  • Taimur had been the Chief Minister of Assam from December 6, 1980 to June 30, 1981.
  • In 1988, the veteran leader was nominated to the Rajya Sabha from Congress. In 2011, she left the Congress and joined the All India United Democratic Front.
  • In 2018, she figured in the headlines after her name was found missing from the NRC (National Register of Citizens).

Noted Lyricist Abhilash, best known for ‘Itni Shakti Hame Dena Daata’, passes away at 74

  • Veteran songwriter Abhilash, who is best known for the song ‘Itni Shakti Hame Dena Daata’ from the 1986 film Ankush, has passed away.
  • He was 74.
  • His real name was Om Prakash.
  • His song ‘Itni Shakti Hame Dena Daata’ has been translated into eight languages and is played as a prayer song across schools and other institutions even today.

MISCELLANEOUS

Serum Institute raises $150 mn funding for additional vaccines

  • Serum Institute of India said it has secured another $150 million from Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, for manufacturing and delivery of another 100 million doses of safe and effective covid-19 vaccines for India and other low- and middle-income countries.
  • This takes the total at-risk funding for the world’s largest vaccine manufacturer to $300 million.
  • Its total commitment to Gavi’s COVAX facility will be 200 million doses after the recent funding.

Extra Shots:

Serum Institute of India

  • Founder: Cyrus S. Poonawalla
  • Founded: 1966
  • Headquarters location: Pune

India’s ASTROSAT completes five successful years of mapping stars

  • The ASTROSAT was the first multi-wavelength satellite launched by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).
  • It was launched on September 28, 2015.
  • It has now completed five years of successful imaging of celestial objects.
  • The ASTROSAT explored stars, star clusters and mapped large and small galaxies of Milky Way galaxy called “Magellanic Clouds”.
  • The satellite aims to provide high energy processes in binary star systems that contain black holes and neutron stars.
  • With the success of ASTROSAT, India has become one of the exclusive club of nations to have space-based observatories.
  • The other countries that have space observatories are USA, Japan, European Space Agency, Russia and Japan.

Extra Shots:

ISRO

  • Founder: Vikram Sarabhai
  • Founded: 15 August 1969
  • Headquarters: Bengaluru
  • Director: Kailasavadivoo Sivan

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