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Current Affairs Today – 10th October 2020

NEWS AT A GLANCE

  1. Every year on the on the second Thursday of October, world celebrates world sight day.
  2. Every year on the second Friday of October, world celebrates World Egg day.
  3. On 10th October the WHO celebrates World Mental Health day every year.
  4. Twice a year we celebrate the World Migratory day that is, on second Saturdays of May and October.
  5. As an extension of World Post day, on 10th October every year National Postal Day is celebrated all across the country.
  6. Department of Posts, Ministry of Communications, Government of India is celebrating National Postal week from 9th-15th
  7. On October 9, 2020 the Reserve Bank of India in its Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) meeting held.
  8. For the infrastructure projects in India including Delhi-Meerut rapid rail and the Mumbai metro, the New Development Bank (BRICS Bank) has approved funds worth USD 741 million.
  9. The additional charge of Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution has been given to the Union Minister Piyush Goyal.
  10. Under Svamitva scheme, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will distribute property cards to rural land owners.
  11. The Gyan Circle Ventures, a MeitY funded Technology Business Incubator (TBI) of Indian Institute of Information Technology, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh is inaugurated by the Union Minister for Education Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’.
  12. The Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Y S Jagan Mohan Reddy has launched Jagan Anna Vidya kanuka scheme.
  13. Mukhyamantri Saur Swarojgar Yojana recently launched by the Uttarakhand Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat which will promote self-employment of the youth. It also promotes production of green energy.
  14. Goa has become the first state in India to provide 100% tap water connections in rural areas under “Har Ghar Jal State”.
  15. Delhi government announced that the city restaurants will now be allowed to open round the clock and the requirement of tourism licenses will also be removed.
  16. Bishr al-Khasawneh has been appointed as New Prime Minister of Jordan which is a Western Asia.
  17. The Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) Chairman Mukesh Ambani, has topped the Forbes India Rich list for 2020, released on 8th October 2020.
  18. The Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Yogi Adityanath and Zurich Airport International, Switzerland has signed a concessionaire agreement for the development of Jewar Airport in Gautam Budh Nagar, Noida.
  19. The Meghalaya government has partnered with Israel for setting up a Centre of Excellence (CoE) on high value vegetables in the state in a bid to improve and promote the livelihoods of farmers.
  20. The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has inked three Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) with the State Bank of India (SBI) to extend credit support for various projects in Gujarat.
  21. Amazon India had partnered with Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) to provide their customers with the facility to book reserved train tickets on its platform.
  22. The Norwegian Nobel Committee has awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2020 to World Food Programme (WFP) on 9th October 2020.
  23. The Reserve Bank (RBI) has extended the term of RK Chhibber as the Chairman and Managing Director of Jammu and Kashmir Bank for a period of six months.
  24. Pradeep Kumar Rawat has been appointed as the next Ambassador of India to the Kingdom of Netherlands.
  25. According to a personnel ministry order, Manoj Kumar has been appointed as chairman and managing director of Western Coalfields Ltd.
  26. The Indian Navy conducted a two-day coastal security exercise called “Sagar Kavach”.
  27. The new generation anti-radiation missile named Rudram 1 which has been generated to kill enemy radar is successfully tested in the Balasore test range located off the coast of Odisha in Bay of Bengal.
  28. Mexican scientist and a Nobel Prize receipt Mario Molina have passed away at the age of 77.
  29. The indigenous variety of boronated calcium nitrate and Calcium nitrate is launched by the Gujarat State Fertilizers and Chemicals India Limited (GSFC).
  30. The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) is to launch “Impact based Cyclonic Warning Systems”.

NEWS IN DETAILS

IMPORTANT DAYS AND THEMES

The 2020 World Sight Day observed on 8th October

  • Every year on the on the second Thursday of October, world celebrates world sight day.
  • This year the day is observed on 8th

Objective:

  • To draw public awareness towards blindness & vision impairment and educate target audiences about blindness prevention.

Theme:

  • World Sight Day 2020 Theme: Hope In Sight

History:

  • It was originally initiated by the SightFirstCampaign of Lions Club International Foundation in 2000.

The 2020 World Egg Day is celebrated on 9th October.

  • Every year on the second Friday of October, world celebrates World Egg day.
  • This year the day is being observed on 9th October 2020.

Objective:

  • To raise awareness of the benefits of eggs and their importance in human nutrition.

Theme:

  • The theme for 2020 World Egg Day is “Eat your egg today and every day”

History:

  • The Day was established at the IEC Vienna 1996 conference.

World Mental Health day observed on 10th October

  • On 10th October the WHO celebrates World Mental Health day every year.

Objective:

  • To raise awareness of mental health issues around the world and mobilizing efforts in support of mental health.

Theme:

  • The theme for World Mental Health Day 2020 is ‘Mental Health for All’.

History:

  • The World Federation for Mental Health took the initiative of celebrating this day since 1992.

Extra Shots:

World Federation for Mental Health

  • Founded: 1948

World Migratory Bird Day observed on 10th October

  • Twice a year we celebrate the World Migratory day that is, on second Saturdays of May and October.
  • The theme for both the time for a year will be same.
  • It is basically an awareness raising campaign that highlights the protection and conservation required for migratory birds.

Theme:

  • The theme for World Migratory Bird Day 2020: Birds Connect Our World

National Postal Day is celebrated on 10th October

  • As an extension of World Post day, on 10th October every year National Postal Day is celebrated all across the country.

Aim:

  • to commemorate the role played by the Indian postal department for the past 150 years.

Extra Shots:

  • World Post Day: 10th October
  • National Postal Week: 9th-15th October
  • Shri Anand Mohan Narula: Proposed the World Post Day in 1969
  • National Postal Day is an extension of: World Post Day

National Postal week celebrated by Dept of Post from 9th-15th October

  • Department of Posts, Ministry of Communications, Government of India is celebrating National Postal week from 9th-15th

Objective:

  • To generate awareness of the role and activities of the postal services among the public and media on a national scale.
  • Online campaign will be organised to create awareness about new offerings and availability of citizen centric services in Post Offices.

The schedule for celebration of World Post Day & National Postal Week for this year:

  • 9 October – World Post Day
  • 10 October – Banking Day
  • 12 October – Postal Life Insurance (PLI) Day
  • 13 October – National Philately Day
  • 14 October – Business Development Day
  • 15 October -Mails Day

Extra Shots:

Department of Posts:

  • Parent Ministry: Ministry of Communications
  • Headquarters: New Delhi
  • Founder: Government of India
  • Founded: 1 April 1854

BANKING & FINANCE 

RBI keeps key interest rates unchanged

  • On October 9, 2020 the Reserve Bank of India in its Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) meeting held.

Highlights of the meeting:

  • To keep the policy repo rate under the liquidity adjustment facility (LAF) unchanged at 4.0 percent and reverse repo rate remains unchanged at 3.35 percent.
  • The Projected the Indian economy to contract 9.5 percent in the current fiscal 2020-21.
  • The RTGS (Real Time Gross Settlement) system for real time fund transfer will become 24X7 from December 2020.
  • Allow banks to increase exposure to retail and small borrowers up to Rs 7.5 crore
  • The bank will extend scheme for co-lending to all NBFC, HFC.
  • Increased the size of open market operations to Rs. 20,000 crores.

Extra Shots:

RBI

  • Governor: Shaktikanta Das
  • Headquarters: Mumbai
  • Founder: British Raj
  • Founded: 1 April 1935, Kolkata
  • Deputy Governors: M. D. Patra, B.P. Kanungo, M. K. Jain and M Rajeshwar Rao

BUSINESS & ECONOMY

BRICS Bank approves USD 741 million for Delhi-Meerut rapid rail, Mumbai metro project

  • For the infrastructure projects in India including Delhi-Meerut rapid rail and the Mumbai metro, the New Development Bank (BRICS Bank) has approved funds worth USD 741 million.

Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) Project

  • The rapid rail network will connect the National Capital Territory of Delhi with the cities of Meerut and Ghaziabad in Uttar Pradesh.
  • It has a design speed of 180 km per hour and a maximum operating speed of 160 km per hour.
  • It will also help reduce congestion in Delhi by offering people an alternative of settling in surrounding cities.

Mumbai Metro Rail II (Line 6) Project

  • The metro rail line 6 will have a length of about 14.47 km. It will provide much needed rail connectivity between the western and eastern suburbs.
  • The metro rail project will be implemented by the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority.

Extra Shots:

BRICS

  • Founded: June 2006
  • Formation: 2009
  • Founders: India, China, Brazil, Russia

NATIONAL NEWS

The Additional charge of Ministry of Consumer Affairs is given to Piyush Goyal

  • The additional charge of Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution has been given to the Union Minister Piyush Goyal.
  • He currently serving as the Union Minister of Railways and Minister of Commerce and Industry.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will distribute property cards

  • Under Svamitva scheme, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will distribute property cards to rural land owners.
  • The property cards are to be distributed to villages in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Uttarakhand.

Svamitva Scheme:

  • Svamitva is Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas to provide the right to document residential properties to the rural population. It enables the rural population to use property as a financial asset.

Objective of the Scheme:

  • to survey lands in rural areas using Drone Technology and the survey is to be conducted over a period of four years that is between 2020 and 2024.

STATE CURRENT AFFAIRS

Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ inaugurates Gyan Circle Ventures

  • The Gyan Circle Ventures, a MeitY funded Technology Business Incubator (TBI) of Indian Institute of Information Technology, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh is inaugurated by the Union Minister for Education Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’.
  • The Gyan Circle Ventures will serve as a hub for innovation and startups by providing support, in various phases, via investments, infrastructure and mentoring.

Extra Shots:

Union Education Ministry

  • Union Minister: Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’
  • Constituency: Hardwar, Uttarakhand

Andhra Pradesh launched Jagananna Vidya Kanuka Scheme

  • The Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Y S Jagan Mohan Reddy has launched Jagan Anna Vidya kanuka scheme.
  • The total amount allocated by the State government for this scheme is allocated Rs 650 crores.

The Scheme highlights:

  • will provide school kits to 43.32 to lakh government school students.
  • It consists of one pair of shoes, three pairs of uniform, two pairs of socks, textbooks,
  • The kits to be provided have been named Vidya Kanuka kits.

Extra Shots:

Andhra Pradesh:

  • Capital: Amravati
  • Chief Minister: Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy
  • Governor: Biswabhusan Harichandan
  • Literacy rate: 67.4%
  • National Park: Sri Venkateswara National Park, Sri Venkateswara National Park, Papikonda National Park

Mukhya Mantri Saur Swarojgar Yojana launched in Uttarakhand

  • Mukhyamantri Saur Swarojgar Yojana recently launched by the Uttarakhand Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat which will promote self-employment of the youth. It also promotes production of green energy.
  • The beneficiaries of the scheme are to be allocated with solar power plants of 25 KW each.
  • The scheme targets migrant workers and youth who have returned to their homes after leaving their jobs in different parts of the country due to covid-19 lockdown.

Extra Shots:

Uttarkhand

  • Statehood Day: 9th November 2000
  • Capital: Dehradun
  • Governor: Baby Rani maurya
  • Chief Minister: Trivendra Singh Rawat
  • National Park: Jim Corbett NP, Gangotri NP, Nanda Devi NP, Rajaji NP

First State to provide 100% Tap Water Connections is Goa

  • Goa has become the first state in India to provide 100% tap water connections in rural areas under “Har Ghar Jal State”.
  • The State of Goa is now planning to install sensor-based service delivery monitoring system to monitor the functionality of water supply.
  • The Jal Jeevan Mission aims to provide 55 litres of tapped water per person per day to all the households by 2024.

Extra Shots:

Goa:

  • Capital: Panaji
  • Chief Minister: Pramod Sawant
  • Governor: Bhagat Singh Koshyari

Delhi government allows restaurants to open 24×7

  • Delhi government announced that the city restaurants will now be allowed to open round the clock and the requirement of tourism licenses will also be removed.
  • The permission to the restaurants to operate 24×7 subjects to the condition that they will take care of the health and security of the entire staff will help the industry in generating more employment.

INTERNATIONAL CURRENT AFFAIRS

Bishr al-Khasawneh appointed as Jordan’s New Prime Minister

  • Bishr al-Khasawneh has been appointed as New Prime Minister of Jordan which is a Western Asia.
  • The appointment was approved by King of Jordan, Abdullah II ibn Al Hussein.
  • He succeeded Former PM Omar al Razzaz.

Extra Shots:

Jordan (Capital/Currency): Amman/Jordanian dinar

  • Prime Minister: Bishr al-Khasawneh

RANKS AND INDICES

Forbes India Rich List

  • The Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) Chairman Mukesh Ambani, has topped the Forbes India Rich list for 2020, released on 8th October 2020.
  • He has retained his position as the wealthiest Indian for the 13th consecutive year on Forbes India list.
  • The second spot has been retained by Adani Group Chairman Gautam Adani, with a net worth of $25.2 billion.
  • Tech tycoon Shiv Nadar acquired the third spot with net worth of $20.4 billion.

Top 10 richest Indians in the Forbes India

  • Mukesh Ambani ($88.7 billion)
  • Gautam Adani ($25.2 billion)
  • Shiv Nadar ($20.4 billion)
  • Radhakishan Damani ($15.4 billion)
  • Hinduja brothers ($12.8 billion)
  • Cyrus Poonawalla ($11.5 billion)
  • Pallonji Mistry ($11.4 billion)
  • Uday Kotak ($11.3 billion)
  • Godrej Family ($11 billion)
  • Lakshmi Mittal ($10.3 billion)

AGREEMENTS AND MOU SIGNED

UP government & Zurich International Airport signs agreement

  • The Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Yogi Adityanath and Zurich Airport International, Switzerland has signed a concessionaire agreement for the development of Jewar Airport in Gautam Budh Nagar, Noida.
  • The UP govt will grant a license to Zurich Airport to design, build and operate Noida International Airport for a period of 40 years.

Extra Shots:

Uttar Pradesh:

  • Statehood Day: January 26, 1950
  • Capital: Lucknow
  • Chief Minister: Yogi Adityanath
  • Governor: Anandiben Patel
  • Literacy Rate: 67.68%
  • Nation Park: Dudhwa National Park

Meghalaya partnered with Israel to improve farmers’ livelihood

  • The Meghalaya government has partnered with Israel for setting up a Centre of Excellence (CoE) on high value vegetables in the state in a bid to improve and promote the livelihoods of farmers.

NABARD signs 3 MoUs with SBI to extend credit support for various projects in Gujarat

  • The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has inked three Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) with the State Bank of India (SBI) to extend credit support for various projects in Gujarat.
  • These agreements will help in providing credit support to the different sections of the society including the priority sector.

Extra Shots:

SBI

  • Chairman: Dinesh Kumar Khara
  • Headquarter: Mumbai, Maharashtra

NABARD

  • Founded: 12 July 1982
  • Headquarters: Mumbai
  • Agency executive: Harsh Kumar Bhanwala
  • Purpose: Development assistance; Poverty Reduction
  • Formation: July 12, 1982

Amazon India tied-up with IRCTC to offer train ticket bookings

  • Amazon India had partnered with Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) to provide their customers with the facility to book reserved train tickets on its platform.
  • For the introductory period, Amazon.in has waived off service and payment gateway transaction charges.

Extra Shots:

Amazon

  • Headquarters: Washington, US
  • Founder & CEO: Jeff Bezos

IRCTC

  • Headquarters: New Delhi
  • Founder: Ministry of Railways
  • Founded: 27 September 1999

NATIONAL & INTERNATIONAL AWARDS

Nobel Peace Prize 2020

  • The Norwegian Nobel Committee has awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2020 to World Food Programme (WFP) on 9th October 2020.
  • The World Food Programme (WFP) has won the prestigious honor “for its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict.”

Extra Shots:

World Food Programme (WFP)

  • Heads: Ertharin Cousin, David Beasley
  • Headquarters: Rome, Italy
  • Founded: 1961
  • Parent organization: United Nations General Assembly
  • Founders: Food and Agriculture Organization, United Nations General Assembly

APPOINTMENTS IN NEWS

CMD of J&K Bank RK Chhibber gets Six-Months extension

  • The Reserve Bank (RBI) has extended the term of RK Chhibber as the Chairman and Managing Director of Jammu and Kashmir Bank for a period of six months.
  • His extended term will be into effect from 10th October, 2020 or till the appointment of MD & CEO, whichever is earlier.

Extra Shots:

J&K Bank

  • CEO: R K Chhibber
  • Headquarters: Srinagar
  • Founded: 1 October 1938

Pradeep Kumar Rawat appointed as the next Ambassador of India to Netherlands

  • Pradeep Kumar Rawat has been appointed as the next Ambassador of India to the Kingdom of Netherlands.
  • He will replace present ambassador Mr. Venu Rajamony.

Extra Shots:

Netherland (Capital/Currency): Amsterdam/Euro

  • Prime Minister: Mark Rutte

Manoj Kumar Appointed as chairman and managing director of Western Coalfields Ltd

  • According to a personnel ministry order, Manoj Kumar has been appointed as chairman and managing director of Western Coalfields Ltd.
  • Currently, Manoj Kumar is serving as the director in the Western Coalfields Ltd.

Extra Shots:

Western Coalfields

  • Headquarters location: Nagpur
  • Founded: 1979

DEFENCE CURRENT AFFAIRS

Indian Navy conducted coastal security exercise called “Sagar Kavach”

  • The Indian Navy conducted a two-day coastal security exercise called “Sagar Kavach”.
  • The exercise was conducted by Indian Navy along with Indian Coastal Guard.
  • The exercise was conducted along the coastal areas of Karnataka, Kerala and Lakshadweep.

India’s Anti-Radiation Missile RUDRAM successfully tested

  • The new generation anti-radiation missile named Rudram 1 which has been generated to kill enemy radar is successfully tested in the Balasore test range located off the coast of Odisha in Bay of Bengal.
  • This missile was developed by Defence research and development organisation.
  • The missile can reach up to a range of 200 km, can achieve a maximum speed of 2 mach and can be fired from an altitude envelope of 500 meters to 15kms

Extra Shots:

DRDO

  • Founded: 1958
  • Headquarters: DRDO Bhavan, New Delhi

OBITUARY

Mexican scientist Mario Molina passes away

  • Mexican scientist and a Nobel Prize receipt Mario Molina have passed away at the age of 77.
  • Molina was the first Mexican to win the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1995.
  • He was appointed a scientific adviser to the then U.S. President Barack Obama in the year 2008.

MISCELLANEOUS

GSFC launches indigenous varieties of Calcium Nitrate and Boronated Calcium Nitrates

  • The indigenous variety of boronated calcium nitrate and Calcium nitrate is launched by the Gujarat State Fertilizers and Chemicals India Limited (GSFC).
  • The Chemicals are being manufactured in the country for the first time otherwise these Chemicals were imported from other countries.

IMD to launch Impact-based Cyclone Warning System

  • The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) is to launch “Impact based Cyclonic Warning Systems”.

Aim:

  • To minimise economic losses and damages due to property in the intense weather system.

Benefit:

  • The new system will provide district or location specific warnings.
  • The warnings will be based on information related to the infrastructure in the region, local population, settlements, land use.
  • The New System was designed and developed by the National Disaster Management Authority.

Extra Shots:

IMD

  • Founder: Government of India
  • Founded: 1875
  • Headquarters: New Delhi

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