Important Grammar Rules to Solve Error Corrections



Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here are some very important
grammar rules you must know if you want to solve Error Correction Faster in SBI
PO and IBPS PO Bank Exams.

Subject-Verb Agreement
The most common grammar mistake
that students are tested on is subject-verb agreement. Here is an example:
The committee(a),
made up of(b) several women, are(c) deciding on(d) the
school budget next week. No error(e).

The mistake is choice “C”.
The subject of this sentence is
“committee”, which is singular and therefore needs a singular verb. “Is” should
replace “are” in this sentence.
This sentence contains a clause.
The clause is the fragment of the sentence between the two commas, and it
separates the subject from the verb. Therefore, you are tricked to think that
the verb (“are”) should agree with “women”. In this case, read the sentence and
eliminate the clause, so that the subject and the verb come directly after each
other. By doing this, you will be able to tell if the subject does not agree
with the verb.
Here is a second example:
We enjoyed the brilliant(a) sunshine of
the beach(b)
 so much that day that when we left there was(c) only
one couple and one lifeguard(d) still there. No
error(e).
The mistake is in choice “C”.
“One couple and one lifeguard” is
an example of a compound subject. A compound subject is when there is more than
one person in the subject. A compound subject must always go with a plural
verb. “Was” is a singular verb; “were” is a plural verb and should be used
instead.
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Subject-Pronoun Agreement
Another grammar mistake they ask
about constantly is subject-pronoun agreement. This is a lot easier to
understand than it sounds. An example will help you understand exactly what to
look out for:
 A smart tennis player such
as Samantha is(a) someone who knows(b) how to
 move around the court(c), can hit winners at the net, and
controls their(d) emotions. No error(e).
The mistake is in choice D.
“Their” is a plural pronoun. The
antecedent, and subject in the sentence, “player”, is singular. Instead of
using “their”, the sentence should have used “her” as the pronoun.
Parallel Sentence Structure
A third grammar concept that is
called parallel sentence structure. Here is an example of a sentence with a
mistake in parallel sentence structure.
In a survey of(a) the
school’s fifth graders, playing in gym class, painting in art class,
participating in science labs and lunch time(b) were all
mentioned repeatedly(c) as favorite activities in
school(d)
No error(e).
In this sentence, “lunch time”
should be changed to “eating lunch.” Each of the items that the fifth graders
mentioned start with an “-ing” word. This is called parallel sentence
structure. Each item in a series should be written in the same grammatical form.
Subject/Object of Sentence
This is an important grammar
rule.
The teacher asked Harry
and I(a)
 if we could, due to(b) the upcoming exams,
attend her(c) review class after(d) school. No
error(e)
.

The mistake in this sentence
is choice “A”.
In this sentence, “Harry and I”
is the object of the sentence, which means “Harry and I” should be changed to
“Harry and me”. If this was the subject of the sentence, then “Harry and I”
would be correct.
Proper Verb Tense
Here is a sentence that contains
an improper verb tense:
The three coaches decided
not(a)
 to pick the team right after(b) practice that
day, but they do(c) talk on the phone and made the final decisions that
night(d)
No error(e).
Choice C contains the mistake
because “do” is in the present tense. “Do” should be changed to “did.” This
entire sentence is written in the past tense. For example, “decided” is a verb
used when something happened in the past.
Incorrect Comparisons
Examiner loves to test students
on incorrect comparisons. Here is an example:
Sam felt(a) extremely
confident going into(b) the final round of interviews, because
his list of credentials was far more impressive(c) than his
competitor(d)
No error(e).
The mistake here is in choice D
because Sam’s list of credentials is being compared to his competitor rather
than his competitor’s list of credentials. Even though we may understand the
sentence, “his competitor’s” or “his competitor’s list” needs to be used so
that there is a proper comparison.


Comparative/Superlative
When comparing two things,
use what’s called the comparative: more or a word
that ends in –er, such as smarter:

Example: Of the two
runners, he was the faster.
When comparing three
or more than three
 things, use what’s called the
superlative: most or a word that ends in
–est
, such as smartest:

Example: Of the three
runners, she was the fastest.
Diction Error
Another grammar concept that is
called diction. Diction basically means word choice. Here is a sentence that
contains a diction error:
When the opera finally came to
a conclusion(a)
 at nine, we still had not eaten dinner and wanted to
decide quick(b) what type of food(c) everyone
would be happy with(d)No error(e).
The mistake here is in choice
B.
“Quickly” should be used instead
of “quick.” If a verb, such as decide, is used in a sentence, an adverb is
needed to describe how somebody is going to decide. “Quickly” is an adverb.
Adverbs very frequently end in “-ly.” In this example, an adjective, “quick,”
was used in a place where an adverb should have been. This is a common mistake
used that students should really look out for.
A second type of diction error is
when a slang type of expression is used instead of a more formal type of
expression. Since there is some gray area between what is considered slang and
what is considered formal. Here is a sentence with an error of this type:
The reason for(a) the
poor attendance at(b) today’s annual party is because(c) the
weather has been highly unpredictable(d) all week. No
error(e).
The mistake here is in choice
C.
The phrase “is because” is not
grammatically correct in this sentence. The word “because” should not be used
after the word “reason.” Instead, the phrase “is that” should be used.
Proper Number Agreement
This means that if a sentence has
a plural subject then any phrases that describe the subject must be plural as
well. Here is an example:
The travel tour through(a) Italy is(b) intended for(c) families
with a young child(d)No error(e).
The mistake here is in choice D
because the noun in the second part of the sentence, “families,” is plural and
the phrase “with a young child” is singular. The phrase “with young children”
should be used instead.
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Unclear Pronouns
An unclear pronoun refers to a
pronoun found in a sentence where it is unclear as to what the pronoun is
referring to.
Sarah and Karen were(A) enjoying
the hike up(B) the mountain until she(C) felt
ill and they had(d) to turn back for home. No error(E).
The mistake in this sentence is
choice “C” because it is unclear as to whether the pronoun “she” is referring
to Sarah or Karen.
Words that go together
  1. Here are some
    words that always go together:
  2. When you
    use preoccupation, you always use with:
    “He has a preoccupation with something.”
  3. When you
    use inconsistent, you always use with:
    “His words were inconsistent with something.”
  4. When you
    use regarded, you always use as: “She was
    regarded as the best.”
  5. When you
    use between, you always use and: “She was
    making a choice between this and this.”
  6. When you
    use either, you always use or.
  7. When you
    use neither, you always use nor.
  8. When you
    use each, you always use its.

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Regards

Team ExamPundit