Current Affairs Update – 27-30, September, 2017

Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here are the Important Current Affairs from 27 to 30 September, 2017. These are very important for the upcoming IBPS PO, IBPS RRB, OICL AO, UIIC Assistant & NICL Assistant Exams.

Banking & Financial
ICICI Bank launches 1% ‘cashback’
home loans due to excess liquidity

  • Amidst excess liquidity, the
    largest private sector lender ICICI Bank on Thursday launched a mortgage
    product assuring borrowers a 1 per cent cash back on their monthly installment
  • The product, which comes amid a
    long period of excess liquidity, sluggishness in overall credit pick-up and
    fears of a slowdown in the residential property market, can help a borrower get
    up to 11 per cent of the principal amount in a 30-year loan period.
  • The bank has launched two more
    schemes — a 20 per cent cash back for spends by its debit and credit card
    customers up to a maximum of Rs 10,000, and a 20 per cent step-up repayment —
    which can be availed of alongside, executive director Anup Bagchi said.
  • However, the bank said the offer
    is only for new home loan borrowers. The bank also did not say how much
    liquidity it is sitting on.
  • After hitting a record six-decade
    low of 5.08 per cent in FY2017 — which was the worst since FY1953, the credit
    growth has been trending down in the system. In April-July period, the combined
    credit dispersal declined by a whopping Rs 1.53 trillion or 1.9 per cent over
    the same period last fiscal.
  • The bank posted a mortgage loan
    growth of 17 per cent in the first quarter and expects to maintain the same
    momentum ahead as well, Bagchi told reporters on a concall.
  • The cashback product comes weeks
    after its smaller rival Axis Bank also launched an offering promising to waive
    EMIs if the borrower does not default on EMIs in an effort to improvise
    borrower behaviour.

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Government announces key
Decisions for transforming Indian Railway

  • The Minister of Railways Piyush
    Goyal announced various decisions taken by Ministry of Railways for
    Transformation of Indian Railways on 28thSeptember, 2017 in Rail Bhavan. He
    said that Railways is committed to ensuring high standards of service, speed
    and safety for Indian passangers and also ensuring contribution to national
  • The ministry has taken several
    key decisions which includes passenger safety, Modern Technology, energy
    efficiency, upgrading of health and education facilities etc.
1. Highest priority to passenger safety

  • Priority to safety, stress on
    field inspections by officers, eliminate the 5,000 unmanned crossings in a
    time-bound manner, by next year target is to shift to LHB coaches from ICF
    coaches, Provision of CCTV cameras in stations and coaches to enhance security
    for women and senior citizen, electronic interlocking of signals, revamping the
    existing signalling system and use of MTRC (Mobile Train Radio Communication)
    and TPWS (Train Protection & Warning System).
  • Decisions are also taken for TTE
    and RPF personals. RPF staff will not be allowed to check tickets, which is the
    function of TTEs. RPF will only assist ticket checking squads.
2. Transforming through technology

  • Use of mobile apps for monitoring
    the passenger services, high speed wi-fi connectivity in stations and coaches,
    increase the speed of around 700 trains, GPS based tracking of rail movement.
3. Energy efficiency

  • A complete electrification of
    Indian railways by the next 4-5 years. This move will lead to save Rs. 10,000
    cr. To ensure 100% LED lighting and energy efficient appliances like fans, ACs
    etc. In trains, coaches, stations, office buildings and residential colonies in
    a given time.
4. Faster Redevelopment of stations

  • Planning to modernise about 20
    stations in an efficient manner with superior infrastructure and passenger
    facilities including eateries, hotels, shopping, multimodal transport hub,
    disabled friendly, security etc. by December 2018
5. Railway Stations as Multi-utility centres

  • Many stations that receive very
    few trains in a day are proposed to be used as Multi-utility centres for
    activities like yoga centres, skilling, educational purposes etc.
6. Focus on welfare of field staff

  • Improving the overall working
    conditions of Group D employee. For example, gang-men, whose work is to ensure
    track safety, and who have to walk around 15-16 kms on an average in a
    particular day will be provided with comfortable uniforms and better quality
    shoes. Their living quarters (Gang huts) too will be improved.
Cabinet approves MoU between
India and Belarus in oil and gas sector

  • The Union Cabinet led by Prime
    Minister Narendra Modi on 27 September 2017 gave its ex-post facto approval for
    a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between India and Belarus in the oil
    and gas sector.
  • The agreement was signed on 12
    September 2017 following delegation-level talks between Indian Prime Minister
    Narendra Modi and visiting Belarus President Aleksander Grigoryevich Lukashenko
    in New Delhi.
  • The MoU is one among the ten
    agreements signed between the two nations. It was signed between M/o Petroleum
    & Natural Gas of the Republic of India and Belarusian State Concern of Oil
    and Chemistry.
Cabinet approves pacts by EXIM
Bank under BRICS mechanism

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi led
    Union Cabinet has given its nod for the signing of Interbank Local Currency
    Credit Line Agreement (ILCCLA) and (ii) Cooperation Memorandum Relating to Credit
    Ratings by Exim Bank with participating member banks under BRICS Mechanism.
  • However, both these agreements
    and the MoUs are umbrella pacts, and therefore, non-binding on partners, the
    Board of Directors of Exim Bank has been given authorization to negotiate and
    sign any individual contracts and commitments within their framework.
Impact of the pact

  • The Agreements signed by EXIM
    will promote multilateral interaction within the BRICS nations in the area of
    mutual interest. It will also deepen economic and political relations with
    BRICS nations.
  • This agreement signed by Exim
    Bank will in the international platform along with large development finance
    institutions, like VEB, CDS and BNDES.
  • Once the agreement signed by the
    Exim Bank, it may leverage this umbrella agreement, and can enter into
    bilateral agreement with any of these member financial institutions to raise
    resources for its function.
  • Whenever an opportunity comes for
    co-financing in commercial terms, by any 2-member institutions (say South
    Africa and India), lending in single currency by both the institutions would
    also be feasible.
Union Government launches
Electronic Negotiable Warehouse Receipt System

  • Union Minister of Consumer
    Affairs, Food and Public Distribution Ram Vilas Paswan on 26 September 2017
    launched the Web Portal of Warehousing Development and Regulatory Authority
    (WDRA) & Electronic Negotiable Warehouse Receipt (e-NWR) System in New
  • While launching the system,
    Paswan appreciated the initiatives taken by the WDRA in simplifying the
    Warehouse Registration Rules, digitizing the entire process of registration,
    monitoring and surveillance as well as creation and management of Negotiable
    Warehouse Receipts (NWRs) in electronic form through two repositories.
  • The e-NWRs would be immune from
    any tempering, mutilation, fudging, loss or damage and with no possibility of
    any multiple financing.
  • Therefore, the NWRs will not only
    facilitate an easy pledge financing by banks and other financial institutions
    but also smooth trading on various trading centres like commodity exchanges,
    electronic National Agriculture Markets (e-NAM) and other electronic platforms.
  • These e-NWRs will save
    expenditure in logistics as the stocks could be traded through multiple buyers
    without physical movement and can be even split for partial transfer or
Kandla Port renamed as Deendayal

  • The Ministry of Shipping has
    issued a notice renaming Kandla Port Trust as Deendayal Port Trust with effect
    from 25th of September, 2017.
  • Kandla Port, situated on the Gulf
    of Kutch in Gujarat, is one of the twelve major ports in the nation. According
    to the Ministry’s notice, the Central Government, in exercise of power presented
    on it under Indian Ports Act, 1908, made the correction to rechristened
    “Kandla” with “Deendayal”.
  • While introducing different
    undertakings at Kandla Port in May this year, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi
    had given the proposal for renaming of Kandla Port after Pandit Deendayal
    Upadhyay, who fought for the upliftment of poor people and weaker segments of
  • Kandla port ‘s journey started in
    1931 with development of a jetty by Maharao Khengarji. Progressively, this port
    in Gujarat turned into the number one port in India and on 31March 2016 it made
    history by taking care of 100 million tons freight in a year—the firstMajor
    Port to accomplish this feat.
News related to India & states
Indian Railways to work with ISRO
to devise safety mechanisms for rail network

  • Indian Railways would be working
    with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) to devise safety mechanisms
    to make travel by trains safer.
  • The information was shared by Railway
    Minister Piyush Goyal, who said that he had met ISRO Chairman A S Kiran Kumar
    in this regard.
  • He further added that the Indian
    Railways was working along with RailTel to explore the use of space technology
    for safety in the rail network.
  • Besides this, the Minister said
    that modern technologies like artificial intelligence and machine learning
    would affect a change in the working environment and India has the opportunity
    to look at what is latest across the world and bring it to the country.
  • He also said that round the clock
    access to connectivity and electricity is the dream of billions of Indians and
    the government is making efforts to achieve it.
India International Science
Festival 2017 to be held in Chennai

  • The 3rd edition of India
    International Science Festival (IISF) 2017 will be held in Chennai during from
    13 October 2017 to 16 October 2017.
  • The Festival will be held at
    various venues, which include Anna University, Central Leather Research
    Institute (CLRI), Structural Engineering Research Centre (SERC), National
    Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) and IIT-Madras.
  • The India International Science
    Festival is organised jointly by the Union Ministry of Science and Technology,
    Union Ministry of Earth Sciences and Vijnana Bharati (VIBHA).
Vice-President Venkaiah Naidu
declares rural areas in Nargund Open Defecation Free

  • Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu
    on 26 September 2017 declared the rural areas in Nargund Taluk of Karnataka as
    Open Defecation Free (ODF) while inaugurating Swachhta Hi Seva and Shouchalayakkagi
    Samara (A Crusade For Toilets) Programme in Karnataka.
  • Naidu also initiatied the
    activity of ‘Tippe Samskarane’ (Waste Processing) at Konnur Village in Naragund
    Taluk, Gadag District and also inaugurated a “Shudda Kudiyuva Neerina Ghataka”
    (Purified Drinking Water Plant).
  • On the occasion, Vice President
    Naidu honoured 13 Village Panchayat Presidents and the Naragund Taluka
    Panchayat President, the achievers of A Crusade For Toilets programme.
Govt launches ‘Divyang
Sarathi’—Accessible and Comprehensive Mobile Application for easy information
dissemination to ‘Divyangjans’

  • Minister for Social Justice and
    Empowerment launched the Beta version of ‘Divyang Sarathi’—The accessible and
    comprehensive mobile application for easy dissemination of information to
  • This mobile application will
    undoubtedly empower the ‘Divyangjans’ by giving easier and helpful access of
    data to them as they would now be able to receive all details relating to the
    plans, grants, schemes, scholarships, and other crucial and relative
    information at a single click.
  • This mobile application aiming
    for giving all important data relating to the Ministry Social Justice and
    Empowerment, Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD),
    including its different rules, acts, principles, directions s, plans, data
    about the different outreach organisations, employment opportunities, and the
    disability market in an accessible format.
  • As per the Census 2011, there are
    more than 2.68 crore ‘Divyangjans’ in India which constitute over 2.2% of the
    population. The mobile application ‘Divyang Sarathi’ is compliant with the
    standards of UNCRPD for Universal Access and the arrangements of the Rights of
    Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016.
  • The Act commands that all data to
    be made accessible in an accessible form.
Cabinet approves umbrella scheme
of Modernisation of Police Forces

  • Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi
    led Union Cabinet has given its nod for implementation of umbrella scheme of
    “Modernisation of Police Forces (MPF)” for years 2017-18 to 2019-20.
  • The total budget outlay for the
    Modernisation of Police Forces scheme over the three year’s period is Rs.25,060
    crore, in which the Central Government will contribute Rs.18,636 crore and the
    States will contribute Rs.6,424 crore.
Important features of this scheme:

  • There are provisions madeunder
    the Scheme for law & order, internal security, women security,
    accessibility of modern weapons, versatility of police powers, logistic
    support, procuring of helicopters, upgradation of police wireless, National
    Satellite Network, CCTNS venture, E-prison project and so forth.
  • Under the umbrella scheme for
    Modernisation of Police Forces,  budget outlay
    of Rs.10,132 crore by central government has been earmarked for internal
    security related expenditure for North Eastern States, Jammu & Kashmir, and
    left wing extremism affected States.
  • The outlay of Rs.3,000 crore for
    the Scheme of Special Central Assistance (SCA) for worst LWE affected districts
    (35) has been introduced to tackle the issue of non-development in these
  • A budget of Rs.100 crore has been
    earmarked in the North Eastern States (NE states) for police training
    institutes, infrastructure upgradation, investigation facilities etc.
Union Cabinet approves MoU
between India and Afghanistan on cooperation on Police Training

  • The Union Cabinet chaired by the
    Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 27 September 2017 approved Memorandum of Understanding
    (MoU) between India and Afghanistan on technical cooperation on police training
    and development.
  • The MoU will help in capacity
    building of Afghanistan National Police and improving the security apparatus in
    the region.
  • The MoU was approved for a period
    of 5 years from the date of signing the MoU. It can be extended for a further
    period of 5 years on the condition that there are no further changes or
India and Norway sign Letter of
Intent to extend cooperation in health sector

  • India and Norway signed a Letter
    of Intent on 28 September 2017 to extend bilateral cooperation within health
    sector through the Norway India Partnership Initiative (NIPI) for a period of
    three years starting from 2018.
  • The letter was signed in New
    Delhi between the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Norwegian
    Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  • Through this initiative, the
    cooperation between India and Norway will continue to be aligned with the
    development goals of the Indian Government as outlined in its National Health
    Policy 2017 for the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
India and the United States renew
commitment for Joint Collaboration on Health

  • India and the United States on 27
    September 2017 renewed their commitment to collaborate in the healthcare sector
    at the second India-US Health Dialogue that was held on 26-27 September 2017 in
    New Delhi.
  • The two-day event saw several
    experts deliberate on issues of bilateral importance including communicable and
    non-communicable diseases, low-cost innovations, food and drug regulations,
    traditional medicine and access to medicines.
  • This Health Dialogue touched upon
    several issues- communicable and non-communicable ‎diseases, health systems,
    biomedical research and low-cost innovations, science and health data, food and
    drug regulations, traditional medicine and access to medicines.
  • India and U.S. have a long
    history of health cooperation which has now started converging on the platform
    of the India-U.S. Health Dialogue.
  • The dialogue addresses the health
    challenges faced by the people in both countries, such as cancer, R&D,
    communicable and non-communicable diseases, traditional medicines, access to
    medicines, food and drug regulation, antimicrobial resistance, etc.
  • The dialogue engages both the
    countries on these health issues not only to address health challenges but also
    to contribute to global health objectives and outcomes.
  • The main aim of this dialogue is
    to better address the health challenges faced by the people of the two
Cabinet approves pact between
India and Ethiopia on cooperation in communication field

  • The Union Cabinet led by Prime
    Minister Narendra Modi on 27 September 2017 gave its approval to the agreement
    between India and Ethiopia on cooperation in the field of Information,
    Communication and Media.
  • The pact mainly aims to harness
    the growing power of Information, Communication and Media for information
    dissemination and enhancing outreach between the two countries for inclusive
Central Government increased
Doctors Retirement age to 65 years

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi led
    Union Cabinet has approved the suggestion to increase the retirement age of
    doctors to 65 years. But, this decision shall not be applicable to Central
    Health Service (CHS) doctors.
  • The decision is expected to help
    in better patient care, better academic activities in Medical institutes and
    colleges as also it will help in effective and better implementation of
    National Health Programmes (NHP) for delivery of health care services.
  • Through this decision, 1445
    doctors under various Departments/Ministries of the Central Government would be
Royana Singh appointed as first
woman chief proctor of BHU

  • The Banaras Hindu University
    (BHU) on 28 September 2017 appointed Royana Singh as the first woman Chief
    Proctor of the institution. The appointment was approved by Vice Chancellor
    Girish Chandra Tripathi.
  • Royana would be succeeding O.N.
    Singh, who resigned on 26 September taking “moral responsibility” for
    the recent incidents of violence on students inside the premises of the
  • Prior to this appointment, Royana
    served as an assistant professor at the Institute of Medical Science (Anatomy
  • Besides being the first woman
    ever to hold the post in the university’s history, Royana also heads the
    university’s women grievance cell.
  • Speaking on her new
    responsibility, Singh said she has a zero-tolerance approach towards
    eve-teasing and will ensure nothing of the sort is repeated on campus. “I will
    be in touch with wardens and teachers and wardens will be told to constantly
    interact with students so that we get to know of a problem at the start. But
    there is no gender discrimination on campus. I can say this with certainty,”
    she was quoted saying.
Joao Lourenco sworn in as
President of Angola

  • Joao Lourenco on 26 September
    2017 was sworn in as the President of Angola. With this, he became the first
    new President of Angola in 38 years.
  • Lourenco took over the position
    from Jose Eduardo dos Santos, who ruled the country for around four decades.
  • The People’s Movement for the
    Liberation of Angola (MPLA) has governed since Angola’s hard-fought
    independence from Portugal in 1975, with Dos Santos taking power in 1979.
Lists & Indexes
India jumps to 14th rank as best
country for expats: HSBC Survey

  • India jumped up the global
    rankings by 12 places to take the 14th position in terms of best country for
    expats to work in and live says a HSBC survey.
  • The ranking is a part of HSBCs
    latest expat explorer survey that covered 27,587 expats from 159 countries and
    territories in March and April this year. Singapore topped the HSBCs expat
    explorer survey.
  • The reasons which are attributed
    to the sudden rise of India in the list is strong ratings across a range of
    economic, experience and family measures.
  • The report said that India
    attracts many expats for work and financial opportunities, but new arrivals
    here often find their family life improves significantly too.
  • At the same time, the India has
    also emerged among the top 10 countries among expats for professional
  • The survey report said that the
    number of resident expats who recommend India 
    for career growth has increased by 12 percentage points since 2016 to
    almost two-thirds (63 per cent), placing it 7th in our ranking for career
  • About 71% expats in the country
    reported high confidence in the Indian economy, while 58% exuded optimism on
    political stability.
  • One of the highest in gross
    personal income per year in the world with an average USD 176,408, over 50% of
    the expats said India is a good place to start a business.
  • Survey found that settling in
    India had improved family related issues for expats and India is now ranked 2nd
    in terms of bringing expat couples closer together.
  • Almost half (48%) of expat
    children easily made new friends according to their parents, ranking India 3rd
    in the world for this parameter.

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India Ranked 40th On World
Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Index

  • India has been positioned as the
    40th most competitive economy on the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitive
    Index (GCI) 2017-18. It has slipped one place from the last year ranking.
  • Switzerland is at the top of the
    world global index followed by US Singapore at the second and third places,
  • World Economic Forum puts out the
    ranking of 137 countries from all around the world. It measures all economies
    at the factor of future productivity and prosparity. India has slipped from the
    39th position to 40th while neighbouring China is positioned 27th.
  • India is at third position in the
    BRICS economies. China (27th) and Russia (38th) are placed above India among
    the BRICS nations. Other countries South Africa and Brazil are placed at the
    61st and 80th spots, respectively.
  • India is at the top place among
    south-east Asian countries followed by Bhutan (85), Sri Lanka (85), Nepal (88),
    Bangladesh (99) and Pakistan (115).
  • WEF said India’s score is at its
    best ever as per the current methodology, which positioned Switzerland as the
    world’s most competitive economy.
  • As per the WEF report India’s
    competitiveness has enhanced. WEF also said that among the developing markets,
    which have been seen as a having a great potential in the mid 2000s, Brazil and
    Turkey have now lost a significant part of the ground they picked up before
    2013, however China, India and Indonesia keep on improving.
Sports News
French anti-doping laboratory
suspended by WADA

  • The French anti-doping laboratory
    of Chatenay-Malabry in September 2017 was provisionally suspended by the World
    Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).
  • This provisional suspension was
    imposed due to analytical issues self-reported to WADA by the laboratory.
  • The provisional suspension, which
    took effect on 24 September 2017, prohibits the Paris Laboratory from carrying
    out any anti-doping activities, including all analyses of urine and blood
    samples. The suspension will remain in place pending disciplinary proceedings
    being carried out by an independent Disciplinary Committee.
Awards & Honors
President of India presents the
National Tourism Awards 2015-16

  • The President of India, Ram Nath
    Kovind presented the ‘National Tourism Awards 2015-16’ to various segments of
    the travel, tourism and hospitality industry at a function organised by the
    Ministry of Tourism on the occasion of ‘World Tourism Day’ on 27 September 2017
    at New Delhi.
  • The function presided over by
    Minister of State (I/C) for Tourism, Alphons Kannanthanam saw in attendance
    tourism ministers of states, central and state government officials, members
    from the travel and hospitality industries and students from tourism and
    hospitality institutes.
  • The event also saw the launch of
    ‘Incredible India 2.0 campaign’ and ‘Adopt a Heritage’ project and new
    Incredible India website by the President.
  • Best State for Comprehensive
    Development of Tourism – Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh
  • Best Tourism Film – Promotional
    Films on Rajasthan, Department of Tourism, Government of Rajasthan
  • “Visit Mysuru” by M/s Safe Wheels
    Tours & Travels, Mysuru (Special Award)
  • Tourist Friendly Railway Station
    – Ujjain Railway Station, Madhya Pradesh
Swachhta Award – Government of
International Day for Universal
Access to Information 2017 observed globally

  • The International Day for
    Universal Access to Information (IDUAI) was observed globally on 28 September
    2017. The celebrations and events for the Day are organised by UNESCO.
  • The year 2017 marks the second
    year observation of 28 September as the International Day for Universal Access
    to Information.
  • The celebrations of the day
    kick-started in Tunisia on 25 September with a panel event gathering around 250
    participants to discuss progress and new initiatives around Tunisia’s Access to
    Information law.
  • From 27 to 30 September 2017,
    UNESCO hosted a Conference under the theme “Overcoming Divides and Achieving
    the SDGs in Africa” in Balaclava, Mauritius. This event will consist of plenary
    sessions, workshops and technical sessions.
  • On 28 September 2017, the
    International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC) hosted the
    second whole-day event “IPDCtalks: Powering Sustainable Development with Access
    to Information” in UNESCO Headquearters, Paris, France.
World Heart Day 2017 observed on
29 September with the theme “Share the Power”

  • The World Heart Foundation
    organizes World Heart Day on September 29 each year to inform people about
    cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), which are the biggest cause of death and
    disability in the world. The day promotes the awareness for preventive measures
    to reduce the risk of CVDs.
  • Cardiovascular disease is a group
    of disorders affecting the heart and blood vessels which supply blood to lungs,
    brain, kidneys and other parts of the body. World Health Organization (WHO) has
    a target to reduce premature deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) 25%
    by 2025, of which CVDs make up the largest proportion.
  • This year, World Heart Day theme
    is ‘share the power’. Small changes, such as eating a healthy diet, getting
    more exercise and giving up smoking can make heart powerful. The World Heart
    Foundation on this World Heart Day is asking everyone to share how they power
    their heart and inspire millions of people around the world to be heart
    healthy. We should take action to keep our hearts healthy and charged.
International Translation Day
2017 observed globally

  • The International Translation Day
    was observed for the first time on 30 September 2017.
  • The Day was celebrated with an
    aim to pay tribute to the work of language professionals, which plays an
    important role in bringing nations together, facilitating dialogue, contributes
    to the development and strengthens world peace and security.
  • The Day also recognises
    transposition of a literary or scientific work from one language into another
    language as indispensable to preserve clarity, climate and productiveness in
    international public communication.
National Disaster Management
Authority celebrates 13th Formation Day

  • The 13th Formation Day of
    National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) was celebrated in New Delhi on 28
    September 2017 with the theme ‘School Safety’. The event was inaugurated by the
    Union Home Minister, Rajnath Singh.
  • The event saw in attendance NDMA
    members and officials, senior officials from HRD Ministry, NDRF, NIDM,
    officials from Central and state governments, Municipal commissioners, district
    collectors and representatives from NGOs, NCERT and educational institutions.
  • The discussions at the event
    aimed to increase awareness and ensure better implementation of the School
    Safety guidelines.
World Rabies Day observed with
theme Rabies: Zero by 30

  • World Rabies Day was observed on
    28 September 2017. The theme for World Rabies Day is Rabies: Zero by 30.
  • The day is annually celebrated to
    raise awareness about rabies prevention and to highlight progress in defeating
    the disease.
  • The day’s theme sets the goal of
    reaching zero human deaths from canine rabies by the year 2030. At the global
    conference on rabies elimination in 2015, a common goal of zero human deaths
    from canine rabies by 2030 was agreed by the World Health Organization, World
    Organisation for Animal Health, UN Food and Agriculture Organization and GARC.
  • In addition, 28 September also
    marks the anniversary of Louis Pasteur’s death, the French chemist and
    microbiologist, who developed the first rabies vaccine.
  • Today, safe and efficacious
    animal and human vaccines are among the important tools that exist to eliminate
    human deaths from rabies while awareness is the key driver for success of
    communities to engage in effective rabies prevention.
World Maritime Day observed

  • The World Maritime Day was
    celebrated across the world on 28 September 2017 with the theme ‘Connecting
    Ships, Ports and People’.
  • The idea behind introducing the
    theme is to provide an opportunity to focus on the many diverse actors involved
    in the shipping and logistics areas.
  •  Its main objective is to build on the World
    Maritime Day theme for 2016, ‘Shipping: indispensable to the world’.
  • It aims to do so by focussing on
    helping International Maritime Organization (IMO) member states to develop and
    implement maritime strategies to invest in a joined-up, interagency approach.
World Tourism Day 2017 observed
across the world

  • The World Tourism Day was
    observed across the world on 27 September 2017 with the theme Sustainable
    Tourism – a Tool for Development. The major events for the day were organised
    in Doha, Qatar.
  • This year, the celebration of
    World Tourism Day focuses on how sustainable tourism can contribute to
    development of world. Sustainable tourism is defined as tourism that takes full
    account of its current and future economic, social and environmental impacts.
  • Moreover, the year 2017 in itself
    is being celebrated as ‘International Year of Sustainable Tourism for
    Development’ following the proclamation by UN General Assembly on 22 December
  • The year 2017 was chosen to
    ensure the positive impact of well-managed tourism on inclusive and equitable
    growth, sustainable development and peace.



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